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Dodge Charger

American Government Special Collections Reference Desk

Charger
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Wikipedia: Dodge Charger

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Chi-Town Hustler, General Lee, Roland Leong's Hawaiian, Mr. Norm's SuperCharger

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A car produced by Dodge, originally as a show car in 1964, then as a full size RWD production vehicle from 1966-1978, a FWD car from 1981-1987, and a RWD/AWD car beginning again in 2006.

The Dodge Charger was often used in drag racing competitions in the "muscle car era."  The Dodge Charger was the car of 1966 NASCAR Grand National (the series that would eventually become Sprint Cup) driver's champion David Pearson.  It was also the car of NASCAR Winston Cup (the series that would eventually become Sprint Cup) driver's champion Richard Petty in 1974 and 1975.  Later the new Charger would replace the Intrepid as Dodge's entry in NASCAR competition.

History

The following section is an excerpt from Wikipedia's Dodge Charger page on 19 May 2018, text available via the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License.

The Dodge Charger is a brand of automobile marketed by Dodge. The first Charger was a show car in 1964. There have been several different production Chargers, built on three different platforms and sizes. In the U.S., the Charger nameplate has been used on subcompact hatchbacks, full-sized sedans, and personal luxury coupes. The current version is a four-door sedan.

First generation: 1966–1967

The Dodge Charger was introduced during the 1966 model year. It featured a two-door fastback body design and a four bucket seat interior. The intermediate-sized Charger shared components with the Coronet that also used the Chrysler B platform. The base engine was a 318 cu in (5.2 L) V8 with a three-speed floor shifter. Larger and more powerful engines were also available. Sales were low.

Second generation: 1968–1970

The Charger was redesigned for 1968, and sales increased. Based on the Chrysler B platform, the model years received various cosmetic changes to the exterior and interior including: an undivided grill, rounded tail lights, and hidden headlights. The powertrains were the same as the ones used in the 1967 Charger. The model was not successful in stock car racing such as NASCAR. A more aerodynamic shape formed the Charger 500 model that became the basis for the 1969 Dodge Charger Daytona.

Third generation: 1971–1974

The third generation Charger was introduced for the 1971 model year. Chrysler's B platform was modified to meet new emissions and safety regulations. Available in six different packages with cosmetic changes that include: a split grill, semi fastback rear window, and a ducktail spoiler. The 1973 and 1974 Chargers were very similar to the 1971 with minor differences in the grill and headlamps. The increase in sales was mostly due to the elimination of the Dodge Coronet, which meant Dodge offered the two-door intermediate-size body style only as the Charger.

Fourth generation: 1975–1978

The 1975 model year Charger Continued as a B body car and was restyled. The new Charger was Dodge's attempt at moving the model into the growing personal luxury car market segment. Dodge expanded its presence in the Personal Luxury Car market in 1978 when it produced two cars in the same class, the Charger and the Dodge Magnum. During the years this car was offered, a Daytona model was offered, featuring stripes that ran along the length of the car.

Fifth generation: 1981–1987

The Charger returned in 1981 1/2 as a subcompact hatchback coupe with front-wheel-drive, and a five-speed manual or three-speed automatic transmission. This economy-type model was similar to the Dodge Omni 024, but with a slightly larger engine. The Charger was available with the NA 2.2l SOHC or a turbocharged 2.2l SOHC engine. The turbo was available only with the manual transmission, unlike in the Dodge Daytona. A Shelby Charger was offered starting in 1983, with a turbo version available in 1984 producing 148 horsepower (110 kW) at 5600 rpm and 160 pound-feet (220 N⋅m) of torque at 3200 rpm. The engine was not intercooled and used a small t3 Garrett turbo. In 1985, the electronics were updated but power output was the same. In 1986, the electronics were further updated.

Sixth generation: 2006–2010 (LX)

After nineteen years, Dodge reintroduced the Charger in 2005 for the 2006 model year in a new form. This generation was available only as a four-door sedan using the Chrysler LX platform The design was intended to be reminiscent of the Chargers of the 1960s and 1970s and the taillights harkened back to that era, as did the new stamped hood and side panels. This generation was available with a V6 and V8 engine options coupled to automatic transmissions, as well as all-wheel drive (AWD).

In its inaugural year, the Dodge Charger was available in SE, SXT, R/T, R/T with Road/Track Performance Group, and Daytona R/T versions. The basic SE model included a 2.7 L V6 engine, 5-speed automatic transmission with "AutoStick" manual shifting feature, 17-inch wheels, air conditioning, all-speed traction control, as well as ABS and electronic stability control, a CD player, tilt and telescoping steering column, power locks/mirrors/windows, and remote keyless entry. Additional features and trims were available including the Charger R/T with a 5.7 L Hemi V8 mated to a 5-speed automatic transmission. A multiple-displacement system that allows it to save fuel by running on only four cylinders when cruising was also featured in the V8.

Performance was focus of the Charger SRT8 equipped with a 6.1 L Hemi engine mated to a 5-speed automatic, as well as conveniences such as an eight-way power front passenger seat, automatic climate control, special grille and rear spoiler, body-color interior trim, special front fascia and engine cover, larger exhaust tips, performance steering gear, heated front seats with perforated suede inserts, power-adjustable pedals, and special colors and exterior trim. Optional was a Road/Track package with 10 additional horsepower, GPS navigation system, 322-watt audio system, sunroof, and a rear-seat DVD entertainment system and radio

Seventh generation: 2011–present

The Dodge Charger received an improved interior and new exterior styling for 2011. This included new side scoops along both front and rear doors, as well as more angular headlights, aggressive new grille styling, and a more defined and aerodynamic shape overall. Most notably, the rear end adopted a more modern wrap around LED tail light spanning across nearly the entire length of the trunk. Driver visibility was improved by more than 15% addressing complaints from previous years. The side and rear styling cues are reminiscent of the 1968-1970 models.

Base performance was increased, with the 3.5L 250 bhp V6 engine being replaced with a Pentastar 3.6L producing 292 bhp (218 kW; 296 PS) at 6350 rpm and 260 lb·ft (353 N·m) at 4800 rpm. The 4-speed automatic transmission was replaced with a 5-speed auto.

The SRT-8 was not produced for the 2011 model year.

The 2012 year brought a new 8-speed automatic transmission to the V-6 model. This year also saw the return of the SRT-8 to the model lineup. AWD was also added to the V6, making AWD available on all but the SRT-8 model.

For the 2012, 2013, and 2014 years, the Super Bee platform was available, making use of features seen in regular SRT-8 models with accessories and badges reminiscent of the 60s and 70s muscle car. These included a 6.4L engine with 470 HP, four piston Brembo calipers, slotted rotors, paddle shifters, SRT launch features (such as 0-60 timing, Live G-Force readings, and ¼ and ⅛ mile drag timers), custom seat embroidery, and more.

For 2015 the Charger received significant exterior styling updates. Most notably, the new front end which featured new led lights and a more aerodynamic nose that was less angled and featured a noticeable curve around the headlight housing.

All models now came standard with the eight-speed automatic transmission except for the specially-produced, police version, which retained the five-speed auto. AWD was dropped for the V8 engines and was only available with the V6 version, but was still available as an option on V8 police models.


Video

John Walczak on converting a model Charger into a Charger Daytona
Video ©2008 Bill Crittenden
From the February 2008 Meeting of C.A.R.S. in Miniature
View video of John Walczak converting a Dodge Charger model into a Charger Daytona - 54.6MB


Photographs

1966 Dodge Charger 1966
Photo ©2007 Bill Crittenden
Lensing Autumn Classic Car Show
October 7, 2007
View photo of 1966 Dodge Charger - 2,626KB
Dodge Charger Photo ©2007 Bill Crittenden
Barrington, Illinois Cruise Night
July 19, 2007
View photo of Dodge Charger - 2,912KB
1968 Dodge Charger R/T 1968 R/T
Photo by Hannes Drexl
November 9, 2006
View photo of 1968 Dodge Charger R/T - 761KB
Permission is granted to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1.2 or any later version published by the Free Software Foundation; with no Invariant Sections, no Front-Cover Texts, and no Back-Cover Texts. A copy of the license is included in the section entitled "GNU Free Documentation License".
1968 Dodge Charger R/T 1968 R/T
Photo by Hannes Drexl
November 9, 2006
View photo of 1968 Dodge Charger R/T - 656KB
Permission is granted to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1.2 or any later version published by the Free Software Foundation; with no Invariant Sections, no Front-Cover Texts, and no Back-Cover Texts. A copy of the license is included in the section entitled "GNU Free Documentation License".
2006 Dodge Charger R/T 2006 R/T
Photo by IFCAR
View photo of 2006 Dodge Charger R/T - 129KB
Dodge Charger Super Bee Super Bee
Photo ©2006 Bill Crittenden
2006 Chicago Auto Show
View photo of Dodge Charger Super Bee - 852KB
Dodge Charger Super Bee Super Bee
Photo ©2006 Bill Crittenden
2006 Chicago Auto Show
View photo of Dodge Charger Super Bee - 773KB
Dodge Charger Daytona Daytona
Photo ©2006 Bill Crittenden
2006 Chicago Auto Show
View photo of Dodge Charger Daytona - 950KB
Dodge Charger Daytona Daytona
Photo by IFCAR
View photo of Dodge Charger Daytona - 92KB
Dodge Charger R/T R/T
Photo by IFCAR
View photo of Dodge Charger R/T - 99KB


Documents

DateDocument Name & DetailsDocuments
November 2007Remote Combination ODI Passenger Air Bag Deployment Investigation
2007 Dodge Charger
National Highway Traffic Safety Administration

PDF
- 1,288KB - 14 pages
28 November 2007Vehicle Safety Compliance Testing for FMVSS 208, Occupant Crash Protection; FMVSS 212, Windshield Mounting; FMVSS 219, Windshield Intrustion (Partial); FMVSS 301, Fuel System Integrity
2007 Dodge Charger Passenger Car
National Highway Traffic Safety Administration

PDF
- 15.5MB - 321 pages
15 January 2008Safety Compliance Testing for FMVSS 214: Side Impact Protection (Indicant)
2008 Dodge Charger 4-Door Sedan
National Highway Traffic Safety Administration

PDF
- 10.4MB - 121 pages
25 June 2008Vehicle Safety Compliance Testing for FMVSS 208, Occupant Crash Protection; FMVSS 212, Windshield Mounting; FMVSS 219, Windshield Intrustion (Partial); FMVSS 301, Fuel System Integrity
2008 Dodge Charger Passenger Car
National Highway Traffic Safety Administration

PDF
- 24.8MB - 168 pages
September 2008Calspan On-Site Certified Advanced 208-Compliant Vehicle Crash Investigation
Vehicle: 2006 Dodge Charger
National Highway Traffic Safety Administration

PDF
- 258KB - 19 pages
November 2008Office of Defects Investigation Calspan On-Site Crash Related Vehicle Fire Investigation
Vehicle: 2007 Dodge Charger Police Vehicle
National Highway Traffic Safety Administration

PDF
- 667KB - 19 pages
June 2009Remote Not in Traffic Surveillance Hyperthermia Investigation
Vehicle - 2006 Dodge Charger R/T
National Highway Traffic Safety Administration

PDF
- 1,724KB - 18 pages
1 April 2010Safety Compliance Testing for FMVSS No. 114: Theft Protection
2010 Dodge Charger SE, Passenger Car
National Highway Traffic Safety Administration

PDF
- 4.3MB - 27 pages
5 August 2010Safety Compliance Testing for FMVSS No. 202aS: Head Restraints - Static Requirements
2010 Dodge Charger SE, Passenger Car
National Highway Traffic Safety Administration

PDF
- 4.3MB - 75 pages
April 2011Calspan On-Site Impact Fire Investigation
Vehicle: 2008 Dodge Charger Police Vehicle
National Highway Traffic Safety Administration

PDF
- 465KB - 22 pages
7 June 2011Safety Compliance Testing for FMVSS 214: Dynamic Side Impact Protection (Rigid Pole)
2011 Dodge Charger SE 4-Dr Sedan
National Highway Traffic Safety Administration

PDF
- 4.9MB - 116 pages
23 June 2011Safety Compliance Testing for FMVSS 301R: Fuel System Integrity - Rear Impact
2010 Dodge Charger
National Highway Traffic Safety Administration

PDF
- 4.2MB - 57 pages


Recalls

Model YearsIssuing AgencyRecall #Reason
1966NHTSA66V009001SERVICE BRAKES, HYDRAULIC:FOUNDATION COMPONENTS:HOSES, LINES/PIPING, AND FITTINGS
1967NHTSA67V009003ELECTRICAL SYSTEM:IGNITION
1984-1987NHTSA08E033000SUSPENSION
2012NHTSA11V487000ENGINE AND ENGINE COOLING


1982 Specifications

Model2.2
0-60 mph*10.1 seconds
80-0 mph*254 feet
Cornering Capability*0.804g
Interior Noise @ 70mph*78 dBA
Fuel Economy*20.5 mpg
*=Test conducted by Road & Track, March 1982 issue

Model Kits and Die Cast

TypeManufacturerItem NumberSeries#NameScaleColorNotes
Die CastHot Wheels24381-19112000 First Editions28'67 Dodge ChargerSmallSilver
Die CastJohnny Lightning366-04Ad Rods1968 Dodge Charger1:64Dark Green
Model KitRevell85-4202Special Edition'68 Dodge Charger R/T1:252n1 w/Hemified
Die CastHot WheelsK7575-0917HEngine Revealers1969 Dodge ChargerSmallWhite w/blue stripes
Die CastHot WheelsJ3287-0916T-Hunt71969 Dodge ChargerSmallOrange #06
Die CastAmerican Muscle322601969 Dodge Charger R/T1:18White w/red stripe
Die CastHot Wheels27638Dodge Charger1:18Red1969 R/T
Die CastRacing Champions36972The Fast and The Furious, Series 61970 Dodge ChargerSmallBlackModified
Die CastHot WheelsR0956-A910K2010 New Models'71 Dodge ChargerSmallYellow w/black
Die CastHot WheelsL3107-0918AD2007 All StarsDodge ChargerSmallGold w/black stripe1974
Die CastHot WheelsL3107-0918D2007 All StarsDodge ChargerSmallRed w/black stripe1974
Die CastHot WheelsL3107-0918E2007 All StarsDodge ChargerSmallRed w/black stripe1974
Model KitMPC1-0718Dodge Shelby Charger1:25Golden Opportunity Kit
Die CastHot Wheels24377-09102000 First EditionsDodge Charger R/TSmallMetallic Dark Red1999 Concept
Die CastHot Wheels24377-09102007 New ModelsDodge Charger SRT8SmallDark Orange


Merchandise

Type & Item #NameDetails
Die Cast - American Muscle 322601969 Charger R/T1:18 scale, white w/red stripe
Die Cast - Hot Wheels'74 Brazilian Dodge ChargerSmall scale teal w/orage flames


Article Index

DateArticleAuthor/Source
2 October 2007ISCARS DASH With General Lee and DukesISCARS
12 November 2010Dodge to take the 2011 Challenger, Charger on tour Patrick Rall
22 January 2011One of the Best Charger Models of All TimeWilliam Jason
15 December 2012Spotted - Dodge Charger General Lee Matt Hubbard, Speedmonkey
15 February 2013An invasion of aliens are coming to the Dodge booth of the Chicago Auto Show this weekend!Chrysler Midwest
6 August 2015Ride in the Hellcat Charger, Challenger at the Woodward Dream Cruise Patrick Rall


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