Home Page About Us Contribute
LuckyBug LifeStyle
















Alfa Romeo

American Government Special Collections Reference Desk

Alfa Romeo
Vehicle Marque

Topic Navigation
Official Site: AlfaRomeo.com
Wikipedia: Alfa Romeo

Page Sections
History
Motorsports
Photographs
Article Index
An Italian manufacturer of cars founded on 24 June 1910.

Vehicle names used by Alfa Romeo currently and throughout history include:  4C, 156, 158, 159, 164, 2000, 6C2500, 6C3000, 8C 2300, 8C 2900 Mille Miglia, 8C 2900B, 8C Competizione, Alfetta, Brera, Duetto, Giulia Sprint, Giulietta, MiTo, Montreal, Spider, Spider Veloce, and Tipo 33.

History

The following section is an excerpt from Wikipedia's Alfa Romeo page on 28 March 2016, text available via the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License.

Alfa Romeo Automobiles S.p.A. (Italian pronunciation: [ˈalfa roˈmɛːo]) is an Italian car manufacturer. Founded as A.L.F.A. ("Anonima Lombarda Fabbrica Automobili", translating to Anonymous Lombard Automobile Factory in English) on June 24, 1910, in Milan,[3] the company has been involved in car racing since 1911. It was owned by Italian state holding company Istituto per la Ricostruzione Industriale between 1932 and 1986, when it became a part of the Fiat group.[4] In February 2007, the Alfa Romeo brand was transformed into the current Alfa Romeo Automobiles S.p.A., a subsidiary of Fiat Group Automobiles, now Fiat Chrysler Automobiles Italy.

The company that became Alfa Romeo was founded as Società Anonima Italiana Darracq (SAID) in 1906 by the French automobile firm of Alexandre Darracq, with some Italian investors. In late 1909, the Italian Darracq cars were selling slowly and the Italian partners of the company hired Giuseppe Merosi to design new cars. On June 24, 1910, a new company was founded named A.L.F.A., initially still in partnership with Darracq. The first non-Darracq car produced by the company was the 1910 24 HP, designed by Merosi. A.L.F.A. ventured into motor racing, with drivers Franchini and Ronzoni competing in the 1911 Targa Florio with two 24-hp models. In August 1915, the company came under the direction of Neapolitan entrepreneur Nicola Romeo, who converted the factory to produce military hardware for the Italian and Allied war efforts. In 1920, the name of the company was changed to Alfa Romeo with the Torpedo 20-30 HP the first car to be so badged.

In 1921, the Banca Italiana di Sconto, which backed the Ing. Nicola Romeo & Co, went broke and the government needed to support the industrial companies involved, among which was Alfa Romeo, through the "Consorzio per Sovvenzioni sui Valori Industriali". In 1925, the railway activities were separated from the Romeo company, and in 1928, Nicola Romeo left. In 1933, the state ownership was reorganized under the banner of the Istituto per la Ricostruzione Industriale (IRI) by Benito Mussolini's government, which then had effective control. The company struggled to return to profitability after the Second World War, and turned to mass-producing small vehicles rather than hand-building luxury models. In 1954, it developed the Alfa Romeo Twin Cam engine, which would remain in production until 1994. During the 1960s and 1970s, Alfa Romeo produced a number of sporty cars, though the Italian government parent company, Finmeccanica, struggled to make a profit, so it sold the marque to the Fiat Group in 1986.

Alfa Romeo has competed successfully in many different categories of motorsport, including Grand Prix motor racing, Formula One, sportscar racing, touring car racing, and rallies. It has competed both as a constructor and an engine supplier, via works entries (usually under the name Alfa Corse or Autodelta), and private entries. The first racing car was made in 1913, three years after the foundation of the company, and Alfa Romeo won the inaugural world championship for Grand Prix cars in 1925. The company gained a good name in motorsport, which gave a sporty image to the whole marque. Enzo Ferrari founded the Scuderia Ferrari racing team in 1929 as an Alfa Romeo racing team, before becoming independent in 1939. It holds the world's title of the most wins of any marque in the world.


Motorsports

Championships Won in Alfa Romeos

YearSeriesDriverModel
1950FIA Formula 1 World ChampionshipNino Farina
1951FIA Formula 1 World ChampionshipJuan Manuel Fangio


Photographs

CARS in Miniature Alfa Romeo Race Car Photo ©2007 Bill Crittenden
January 2007 Meeting of C.A.R.S. in Miniature
View photo of Alfa Romeo Race Car Model - 1,483KB
CARS in Miniature Alfa Romeo Race Car Photo ©2007 Bill Crittenden
January 2007 Meeting of C.A.R.S. in Miniature
View photo of Alfa Romeo Race Car Model - 1,321KB


Article Index

DateArticleAuthor/Source
8 May 2008Facility's cars sit quietlyAidan Braden
18 January 2013Mazda to make an MX-5 for Alfa Romeo Matt Hubbard, Speedmonkey
11 June 2013Those we have loved (I want another Alfa) Geoff Maxted, DriveWrite Automotive
24 June 2013It's Alfa Romeo's 103rd birthday today Matt Hubbard, Speedmonkey
12 October 2013What Is Alfa Romeo Planning For 2014? Geoff Maxted, DriveWrite Automotive
22 October 2013The Alfisti Turn Out To Be A Reasonable Bunch, Aside From A Couple Of Delusionals Matt Hubbard, Speedmonkey




Connect with The Crittenden Automotive Library

The Crittenden Automotive Library at Google+ The Crittenden Automotive Library on Facebook The Crittenden Automotive Library on Instagram The Crittenden Automotive Library at The Internet Archive The Crittenden Automotive Library on Pinterest The Crittenden Automotive Library on Twitter The Crittenden Automotive Library on Tumblr  
 
 


The Crittenden Automotive Library

Home Page    About Us    Contribute




By accessing the The Crittenden Automotive Library/CarsAndRacingStuff.com, you signify your agreement with the terms and conditions on our Legal Information:  Disclaimers & Privacy Policy page.

To notify The Crittenden Automotive Library of errors, suggest topics, contribute information, make a comment on a page or to ask a question e-mail us.