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Datsun 280ZX

American Government Special Collections Reference Desk

280ZX
Vehicle Model

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Wikipedia: Nissan S130

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History
Reference Desk
1982 Specifications
Merchandise
A sports car produced by Datsun from 1978-1983, also sold as the Nissan Fairlady Z and Nissan Fairlady 280Z.

History

The following section is an excerpt from Wikipedia's Nissan S130 page on 25 August 2018, text available via the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License.

The Nissan S130 is a sports coupé produced by Nissan in Japan from 1978 to 1983. It was sold as the Datsun 280ZX, Nissan Fairlady Z and Nissan Fairlady 280Z, depending on the market. In Japan, it was exclusive to Nissan Bluebird Store locations. It was the second generation Z-car, replacing the Nissan S30 in late 1978. The 280ZX was the first time the "by Nissan" subscript was badged alongside the Datsun logo, along with Nissan trucks. The 280ZX was Motor Trend's import car of the year for 1979. The 280ZX was replaced by the Nissan 300ZX in 1984.

The 280ZX was a complete redesign, retaining only the L28 inline-six engine and other driveline components from the 280Z. Both two-seat and four-seat (2+2) designs were offered. Compared to the more overtly sporting earlier models, the 280ZX was a much softer, heavier car, with less focus on driving and more on driver comfort and refinement. Softer suspension, better sound insulation, more comfortable seats, and ample equipment including high-end audio systems defined the new ZX. In the spirit of the times, emissions controls and aerodynamics were markedly improved over the first generation Z-cars, while weight was down somewhat as long as the buyer did not pick much from the very long options list. The exterior design was evolutionary, less rounded and with better integrated safety bumpers. Many parts, including the rear-axle and the power steering came from the Datsun 810 luxury sedan. Most of the design effort went into the entirely different and much more modern interior. The car became a grand tourer rather than a sports car, particularly in the plush Grand Luxury versions.


Reference Desk

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TypeTitle
1983 Book1983 Datsun 280ZX Service Manual; Nissan Motor Co., Ltd.


1982 Specifications

ModelTurbo
0-60 mph*9.7 seconds7.9 seconds
80-0 mph*258 feet288 feet
Cornering Capability*0.767g0.754g
Interior Noise @ 70mph*73 dBA74 dBA
Fuel Economy*22.0 mpg20.5 mpg
*=Test conducted by Road & Track

Merchandise

Type & Item #NameDetails
Die Cast - Johnny Lightning 221-001981 Z-CARSmall scale, green Datsun 280ZX
Model Kit - AMT 82111981½ Datsun 280 ZX Turbo1:25 scale


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