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Volkswagen Type 2

American Government Special Collections Reference Desk

Type 2
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Wikipedia: Volkswagen Type 2

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A van produced by Volkswagen. Also marketed as the Transporter, Kombi or Microbus. The Type 2, modified by coachbuilder Westfalia into a camper van is called the Volkswagen Camper.

History

The following section is an excerpt from Wikipedia's Volkswagen Type 2 page on 21 November 2015, text available via the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License.

The Volkswagen Type 2, known officially (depending on body type) as the Transporter, Kombi or Microbus, or, informally, as the Bus (US) or Camper (UK), is a cabover panel van introduced in 1950 by the German automaker Volkswagen as its second car model. Following – and initially deriving from Volkswagen's first model, the Type 1 (Beetle) – it was given the factory designation Type 2.

As one of the forerunners of the modern cargo and passenger vans, the Type 2 gave rise to forward control competitors in the United States in the 1960s, including the Ford Econoline, the Dodge A100, and the Chevrolet Corvair 95 Corvan, the latter adopting the Type 2's rear-engine configuration. European competition included the 1960s FF layout Renault Estafette and the FR layout Ford Transit.

Like the Beetle, the van has received numerous nicknames worldwide, including the "microbus", "minibus", and, because of its popularity during the counterculture movement of the 1960s, "Hippie van".

Brazil contained the last factory in the world that produced the T2. Production in Brazil ceased on December 31, 2013, due to the introduction of more stringent safety regulations in the country. This marks the end of an era with the rear-engine Volkswagens manufactured (after the 2002 termination of its T3 successor in South Africa), which originated in 1935 with their Type 1 prototypes.


Photographs

Volkswagen Type 2 Pickup Truck Pickup Truck
Photo ©2011 Bill Crittenden
Green Street Cruise Night: June 6, 2011
View photo of Volkswagen Type 2 Pickup Truck - 4,073KB
Volkswagen Type 2 Pickup Truck Pickup Truck
Photo ©2011 Bill Crittenden
Green Street Cruise Night: June 6, 2011
View photo of Volkswagen Type 2 Pickup Truck - 3,096KB
Volkswagen Type 2 Pickup Truck Pickup Truck
Photo ©2011 Bill Crittenden
Green Street Cruise Night: June 6, 2011
View photo of Volkswagen Type 2 Pickup Truck - 4,307KB
Volkswagen Type 2 Pickup Truck Pickup Truck
Photo ©2011 Bill Crittenden
Green Street Cruise Night: June 6, 2011
View photo of Volkswagen Type 2 Pickup Truck - 3,782KB
Volkswagen Type 2 Pickup Truck Pickup Truck
Photo ©2011 Bill Crittenden
Green Street Cruise Night: June 6, 2011
View photo of Volkswagen Type 2 Pickup Truck - 3,419KB
Custom 1963 Volkswagen Type 2 Pickup Custom 1963
for $24,000
2013 Mecum Chicago Auction
Photo ©2013 Bill Crittenden
View photo of Custom 1963 Volkswagen Type 2 Pickup - 3.1MB
Custom 1963 Volkswagen Type 2 Pickup Custom 1963
for $24,000
2013 Mecum Chicago Auction
Photo ©2013 Bill Crittenden
View photo of Custom 1963 Volkswagen Type 2 Pickup - 3.3MB
1966 Volkswagen Type 2 with EZ Camper Conversion 1966 with EZ Camper Conversion
Photo ©2011 Bill Crittenden
The Cars Time Forgot Car Show
View photo of 1966 Volkswagen Type 2 with EZ Camper Conversion - 1,957KB
1966 Volkswagen Type 2 with EZ Camper Conversion 1966 with EZ Camper Conversion
Photo ©2011 Bill Crittenden
The Cars Time Forgot Car Show
View photo of 1966 Volkswagen Type 2 with EZ Camper Conversion - 2,162KB
1966 Volkswagen Type 2 with EZ Camper Conversion 1966 with EZ Camper Conversion
Photo ©2011 Bill Crittenden
The Cars Time Forgot Car Show
View photo of 1966 Volkswagen Type 2 with EZ Camper Conversion - 1,535KB
1966 Volkswagen Type 2 with EZ Camper Conversion 1966 with EZ Camper Conversion
Photo ©2011 Bill Crittenden
The Cars Time Forgot Car Show
View photo of 1966 Volkswagen Type 2 with EZ Camper Conversion - 2,105KB
1966 Volkswagen Type 2 with EZ Camper Conversion 1966 with EZ Camper Conversion
Photo ©2011 Bill Crittenden
The Cars Time Forgot Car Show
View photo of 1966 Volkswagen Type 2 with EZ Camper Conversion - 1,563KB
1966 Volkswagen Type 2 with EZ Camper Conversion 1966 with EZ Camper Conversion
Photo ©2011 Bill Crittenden
The Cars Time Forgot Car Show
View photo of 1966 Volkswagen Type 2 with EZ Camper Conversion - 1,835KB
1966 Volkswagen Type 2 with EZ Camper Conversion 1966 with EZ Camper Conversion
Photo ©2011 Bill Crittenden
The Cars Time Forgot Car Show
View photo of 1966 Volkswagen Type 2 with EZ Camper Conversion - 2,017KB
1966 Volkswagen Type 2 with EZ Camper Conversion 1966 with EZ Camper Conversion
Photo ©2011 Bill Crittenden
The Cars Time Forgot Car Show
View photo of 1966 Volkswagen Type 2 with EZ Camper Conversion - 2,139KB
Volkswagen Type 2b Camper Van Type 2b Camper
Photo ©2009 Bill Crittenden
2009 Nostalgia Auto Show
View photo of Volkswagen Type 2b Camper Van - 4,311KB
Volkswagen Type 2 Microbus Drag Racing Model Drag Racer
Photo ©2011 Bill Crittenden
March 2011 Meeting of C.A.R.S. in Miniature
View photo of Volkswagen Type 2 Drag Racing Model - 2,506KB
Volkswagen Type 2 Microbus Drag Racing Model Drag Racer
Photo ©2011 Bill Crittenden
March 2011 Meeting of C.A.R.S. in Miniature
View photo of Volkswagen Type 2 Drag Racing Model - 3,000KB
Volkswagen Type 2 Microbus Drag Racing Model Drag Racer
Photo ©2011 Bill Crittenden
March 2011 Meeting of C.A.R.S. in Miniature
View photo of Volkswagen Type 2 Drag Racing Model - 2,975KB
Volkswagen Type 2 Microbus Drag Racing Model Drag Racer
Photo ©2011 Bill Crittenden
March 2011 Meeting of C.A.R.S. in Miniature
View photo of Volkswagen Type 2 Drag Racing Model - 2,718KB
Volkswagen Type 2 Microbus Drag Racing Model Drag Racer
Photo ©2011 Bill Crittenden
2011 Mopars at the Park (June 26, 2011)
View photo of Volkswagen Type 2 Drag Racing Model - 2,191KB
Volkswagen Type 2 Microbus Tent VW Camper Van Tent

Photo courtesy of

View photo of Volkswagen Type 2 Tent - 1.4MB
Volkswagen Type 2 Microbus Tent VW Camper Van Tent

Photo courtesy of

View photo of Volkswagen Type 2 Tent - 941KB
Volkswagen Type 2 Microbus Tent VW Camper Van Tent

Photo courtesy of

View photo of Volkswagen Type 2 Tent - 1.4MB
Volkswagen Type 2 Microbus Tent VW Camper Van Tent

Photo courtesy of

View photo of Volkswagen Type 2 Tent - 1.2MB
Volkswagen Type 2 Microbus Tent VW Camper Van Tent

Photo courtesy of

View photo of Volkswagen Type 2 Tent - 1.2MB
Volkswagen Type 2 Microbus Tent VW Camper Van Tent

Photo courtesy of

View photo of Volkswagen Type 2 Tent - 1.5MB
Volkswagen Type 2 Microbus Tent VW Camper Van Tent

Photo courtesy of

View photo of Volkswagen Type 2 Tent - 1.4MB
Volkswagen Type 2 Microbus Tent VW Camper Van Tent

Photo courtesy of

View photo of Volkswagen Type 2 Tent - 1.4MB
Volkswagen Type 2 Microbus Tent VW Camper Van Tent

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View photo of Volkswagen Type 2 Tent - 1.0MB
Volkswagen Type 2 Microbus Tent VW Camper Van Tent

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View photo of Volkswagen Type 2 Tent - 753KB
Volkswagen Type 2 Microbus Tent VW Camper Van Tent

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View photo of Volkswagen Type 2 Tent - 1.1MB
Volkswagen Type 2 Microbus Tent VW Camper Van Tent

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View photo of Volkswagen Type 2 Tent - 1.4MB
Volkswagen Type 2 Microbus Flower Tent VW Camper Van Tent

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Flooded Volkswagen T2 Flood damage along the Choluteca River caused by Hurricane Mitch. Over 9,000 deaths and 9,000 missing were attributed to Mitch making it the second most deadly hurricane in history ranking only below a 1780 hurricane in the Lesser Antilles.
Image ID: wea02430, NOAA's National Weather Service (NWS) Collection
Photo Date: 1998 November
Location: Tegucigalpa, Honduras
Credit: Debbie Larson, NWS, International Activities
View photo of Flooded Volkswagen T2 - 1.1MB
Volkswagen Type 2 Monster Truck Image by Sam Curry
View image of Volkswagen Type 2 Monster Truck - 1.1MB


Article Index

DateArticleAuthor/Source
22 March 2011The Hippie Van That Started A RevolutionWilliam Jason
18 August 2013Фолксваген комби T2 одлази у историју Викивести
20 August 2013VW Kombi Last Edition - how you can get hold of one in the UK and Europe Matt Hubbard, Speedmonkey


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