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Studebaker Avanti

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Avanti
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Wikipedia: Studebaker Avanti

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Avanti II
AVX Concept

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A sports car produced by Studebaker.  Produced for the 1963 and 1964 model years.  A total of 4,643 were produced, 3,834 for 1963 and 809 for 1964.  The main difference between the model years is that the 1963 had round headlight bezels, the 1964 had square headlight bezels.

Raymond Loewy supervised design of the car, and his team included Tom Kellogg, Bob Andrews and John Ebstein.  They began work in a rented house near Palm Springs, California on March 19, 1961.  It took just five weeks to design the car from beginning to production approval.

The engine came in five versions.  The R1 was the basic Avanti with a Studebaker 289 cubic inch V8 engine producing 240 horsepower.  The R2 added a supercharger for 290 horsepower.  The R3 was a low-volume supercharged version with 335 horsepower.  The R4 was experimental, a naturally-aspirated V8 with dual 4-barrel carburetors producing 280 horsepower.  The R5 was a V8 with dual superchargers, fuel injection, and 575 horsepower.

The head engineer of the car was Gene Hardig, who would also go on to work on the Avanti II project.

After production ended, two Indiana Studebaker dealers (Nate Altman and Leo Newman) bought the rights to the car and began producing it as the Avanti II.

Prominent Avanti owners include Ian Fleming and Ricky Nelson.

The official magazine of the Avanti Owners Association International is Avanti Magazine.


History

The following section is an excerpt from Wikipedia's Studebaker Avanti page on 6 April 2016, text available via the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License.

The Studebaker Avanti is a personal luxury coupe that was built by the Studebaker Corporation between June 1962 and December 1963. The automaker referred to the Avanti as "America's Only 4 Passenger High-Performance Personal Car" in its sales literature.

Design

The Avanti was developed at the direction of the automaker's president, Sherwood Egbert. "The car's design theme is the result of sketches Egbert "doodled" on a jet-plane flight west from Chicago 37 days after becoming president of Studebaker in February 1961." Designed by Raymond Loewy's team of Tom Kellogg, Bob Andrews, and John Ebstein on a 40-day crash program, the Avanti featured a radical fiberglass body design mounted on a modified Studebaker Lark Daytona 109-inch convertible chassis powered by a modified 289 Hawk engine.

The designers worked feverishly and in just eight days finished a "clay scale model with two different sides: one a two-place sports car, the other a four-seat GT coupe." Tom Kellogg, a young California stylist hired for this project by Loewy, "felt it should be a four-seat coupe." "Loewy envisioned a low-slung, long-hood/short-deck semi-fastback coupe with a grilleless nose and a wasp-waisted curvature to the rear fenders, suggesting a supersonic aircraft."

The Avanti's complex body shape "would have been both challenging and prohibitively expensive to build in steel." Instead, Studebaker selected to mold the exterior panels in glass-reinforced plastic (fiberglass) and outsourced the work to Molded Fibreglass Body (MPG) in Ashtabula, Ohio, the same company that built the fibreglass panels for the Chevrolet Corvette in 1953.

The Avanti came standard with front disc-brakes that were British Dunlop designed units, made under license by Bendix, "the first American production model to offer them." It was one of the first bottom breather designs where instead of a conventional grille, air for the front mounted engine enters from under the front of the vehicle, a design feature much more common after the 1980s. A Paxton supercharger was offered as an option.


Photographs

1963 Studebaker Avanti 1963
Photo by "Morven"
From a Studebaker show in Anaheim, California
May 25, 2003
View photo of 1963 Studebaker Avanti - 61KB
Permission is granted to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1.2 or any later version published by the Free Software Foundation; with no Invariant Sections, no Front-Cover Texts, and no Back-Cover Texts. A copy of the license is included in the section entitled "GNU Free Documentation License".
1963 Studebaker Avanti 1963, One Owner Car
Photo ©2013 Bill Crittenden
2013 The Cars Time Forgot
View photo of 1963 Studebaker Avanti - 3.6MB
1963 Studebaker Avanti 1963, One Owner Car
Photo ©2013 Bill Crittenden
2013 The Cars Time Forgot
View photo of 1963 Studebaker Avanti - 1.8MB
1963 Studebaker Avanti 1963, One Owner Car
Photo ©2013 Bill Crittenden
2013 The Cars Time Forgot
View photo of 1963 Studebaker Avanti - 5.3MB
1963 Studebaker Avanti 1963, One Owner Car
Photo ©2013 Bill Crittenden
2013 The Cars Time Forgot
View photo of 1963 Studebaker Avanti - 3.0MB
1963 Studebaker Avanti 1963, One Owner Car
Photo ©2013 Bill Crittenden
2013 The Cars Time Forgot
View photo of 1963 Studebaker Avanti - 2.8MB
1963 Studebaker Avanti 1963, One Owner Car
Photo ©2013 Bill Crittenden
2013 The Cars Time Forgot
View photo of 1963 Studebaker Avanti - 3.1MB
1963 Studebaker Avanti 1963, One Owner Car
Photo ©2013 Bill Crittenden
2013 The Cars Time Forgot
View photo of 1963 Studebaker Avanti - 3.1MB
1963 Studebaker Avanti 1963, One Owner Car
Photo ©2013 Bill Crittenden
2013 The Cars Time Forgot
View photo of 1963 Studebaker Avanti - 3.3MB
1963 Studebaker Avanti 1963, One Owner Car
Photo ©2013 Bill Crittenden
2013 The Cars Time Forgot
View photo of 1963 Studebaker Avanti - 2.9MB
1963 Studebaker Avanti 1963, One Owner Car
Photo ©2013 Bill Crittenden
2013 The Cars Time Forgot
View photo of 1963 Studebaker Avanti - 4.7MB
1963 Studebaker Avanti 1963
Photo ©2009 Bill Crittenden
The Cars Time Forgot Car Show
View photo of 1963 Studebaker Avanti - 3,884KB
1963 Studebaker Avanti 1963
Photo ©2009 Bill Crittenden
The Cars Time Forgot Car Show
View photo of 1963 Studebaker Avanti - 5,127KB
1963 Studebaker Avanti 1963
Photo ©2009 Bill Crittenden
The Cars Time Forgot Car Show
View photo of 1963 Studebaker Avanti - 3,193KB
1963 Studebaker Avanti 1963
Photo ©2009 Bill Crittenden
The Cars Time Forgot Car Show
View photo of 1963 Studebaker Avanti - 3,404KB
1963 Studebaker Avanti 1963
Photo ©2009 Bill Crittenden
The Cars Time Forgot Car Show
View photo of 1963 Studebaker Avanti - 3,765KB
1963 Studebaker Avanti 1963
Photo ©2009 Bill Crittenden
The Cars Time Forgot Car Show
View photo of 1963 Studebaker Avanti - 3,069KB
Studebaker 1964 Avanti Four-Door Prototype 1964 Four-Door Prototype
Photo ©2016 Heidi Walczak
View photo of 1964 Avanti Four-Door Prototype at the Studebaker National Museum - 1.5MB
Studebaker Avanti Photo ©2016 Heidi Walczak
View photo of Studebaker Avanti at the Studebaker National Museum - 1.7MB
Studebaker Avanti Photo ©2016 Heidi Walczak
View photo of Studebaker Avanti at the Studebaker National Museum - 1.0MB
Studebaker Avanti Photo ©2003 Heidi Walczak
June 12, 2003
View photo of Studebaker Avanti - 440KB
Studebaker Avanti Heidi Walczak with the Avanti
Photo ©2003 Bill Crittenden
View photo of Studebaker Avanti - 451KB
New Studebaker Avanti New Avanti
Photo by Heidi Walczak
2002 Chicago Auto Show
View photo of New Studebaker Avanti - 801KB
New Avanti Convertible Photo ©2004 Bill Crittenden
2004 Chicago Auto Show
View photo of New Avanti Convertible - 718KB
New Avanti Convertible Photo ©2004 Bill Crittenden
2004 Chicago Auto Show
View photo of New Avanti Convertible - 745KB


Merchandise

Type & Item #NameDetails
Die Cast - Hot Wheels T9725-09A0CStudebaker AvantiTreasure Hunts, small scale, gold w/white stripes
Model Kit - AMT 302681963 Studebaker AvantiMillenium, 1:25 scale




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