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National Transportation Safety Board

American Government Special Collections Reference Desk

American Government

National Transportation Safety Board
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Official Site: NTSB.gov
Wikipedia: National Transportation Safety Board

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Multimedia
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Article Index
A United States government agency that investigates mass transportation accidents, also known by the initialism NTSB. Most famous for investigating airplane crashes, on the automotive side the NTSB investigates bus and commercial truck crashes.

History

The following section is an excerpt from Wikipedia's National Transportation Safety Board page on 29 October 2018, text available via the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License.

The National Transportation Safety Board (NTSB) is an independent U.S. government investigative agency responsible for civil transportation accident investigation. In this role, the NTSB investigates and reports on aviation accidents and incidents, certain types of highway crashes, ship and marine accidents, pipeline incidents, and railroad accidents. When requested, the NTSB will assist the military and foreign governments with accident investigation. The NTSB is also in charge of investigating cases of hazardous materials releases that occur during transportation. The agency is based in Washington, D.C. As of December 2014, it has four regional offices located in Anchorage, Alaska; Denver, Colorado; Ashburn, Virginia; and Seattle, Washington. The agency also operates a national training center at its Ashburn facility.

The origin of the NTSB was in the Air Commerce Act of 1926, which assigned the United States Department of Commerce responsibility for investigating domestic aviation accidents. The USA's first "independent" Air Safety Board was established in 1938: it lasted only fourteen months. In 1940, this authority was transferred to the Civil Aeronautics Board's newly formed Bureau of Aviation Safety.

In 1967, Congress created a separate cabinet-level Department of Transportation, which among other things established the Federal Aviation Administration as an agency under the DOT. At the same time, the NTSB was established as an independent agency which absorbed the Bureau of Aviation Safety's responsibilities. However, from 1967 to 1975, the NTSB reported to the DOT for administrative purposes, while conducting investigations into the Federal Aviation Administration, also a DOT agency.

To avoid any conflict, Congress passed the Independent Safety Board Act, and on April 1, 1975, the NTSB became a fully independent federal agency. As of 2015, the NTSB has investigated over 140,000 aviation incidents and several thousand surface transportation incidents.


Multimedia

DateMedia or Collection Name & DetailsFiles
18 June 2003US NTSB Launches Seat Belt Campaign
David Clements for Voice of America News

Article Page
- 3:43


Documents

2000:  Putting Children First

Report Name & OrganizationDocuments 19 March 1991Special Investigation Report:  Emergency Fire Apparatus
PDF
- 1,364KB - 30 pages September 1996Safety Study:  The Performance and Use of Child Restraing Systems, Seatbelts, and Air Bags for Children in Passenger Vehicles
PDF
- 2,875KB - 265 pages 1997National Transportation Safety Board Public Forum on Air Bags and Child Passenger Safety (Report of Proceedings)
PDF
- 4,210KB - 506 pages 21 July 1998Safety Study:  Safety at Passive Grade Crossings, Volume 1:  Analysis
PDF
- 1,698KB - 136 pages 22 July 1998Safety Study:  Safety at Passive Grade Crossings, Volume 2:  Case Summaries
PDF
- 287KB - 73 pages 17 November 1998Highway Special Investigation Report:  Transit Bus Safety Oversight
PDF
- 142KB - 24 pages 11 February 1999Highway Special Investigation Report:  Selctive Motorcoach Issues
PDF
- 703KB - 64 pages 8 June 1999Highway Special Investigation Report:  Pupil Transportation in Vehicles Not Meeting Federal School Bus Standards
PDF
- 703KB - 78 pages 21 September 1999Highway Special Investigation Report:  Bus Crashworthiness Issues
PDF
- 2,868KB - 152 pages 17 May 2000Highway Special Investigation Report:  Truck Parking Areas
PDF
- 484KB 27 June 2000Safety Report:  Actions to Reduce Fatalities, Injuries, and Crashes Involving the Hard Core Drinking Driver
PDF
- 1,043KB - 94 pages 1 May 2001Special Investigation Report:  Vehicle- and Infrastructure-Based Technology for the Prevention of Rear-End Collisions
PDF
- 1,736KB - 59 pages 28 March 2002Safety Report:  Analysis of Intrastate Trucking Operations
PDF
- 659KB - 78 pages 15 October 2002Safety Report:  Evaluation of the Rollover Propensity of 15-passenger Vans
PDF
- 538KB - 50 pages 9 November 2004Highway Special Investigation Report:  Medical Oversight of Noncommercial Drivers
PDF
- 1,280KB - 106 pages 28-29 October 2003National Transportation Safety Board Public Forum on Driver Education and Training (October 28-29, 2003) (Report of Proceedings)
PDF
- 2,674KB - 296 pages 13 January 2009Special Investigation Report:  Mobile Acetylene Trailer Accidents:  Fire During Unloading in Dallas, Texas, July 25, 2007; Fire During Unloading in The Woodlands, Texas, August 7, 2007; and Overturn and Fire in East New Orleans, Louisiana, October 20, 2007
PDF
- 1,226KB - 38 pages 30 July 2009Highway Accident Brief:  Tanker truck overturn and fire, Interstate 895 south, near Elkridge, Maryland, January 13, 2004
PDF
- 1,010KB - 10 pages 1 September 2009Highway Special Investigation Report:  Pedal Misapplication in Heavy Vehicles
PDF
- 1,517KB - 57 pages 27 October 2009Highway Accident Report: Motorcoach Run-Off-The-Bridge and Rollover, Sherman, Texas, August 8, 2008
PDF
- 2,724KB - 82 pages SA-001 (May 2006)NTSB Safety Alert:  15-Passenger Vans
PDF
- 56KB - 2 pages SA-002 (November 2010)NTSB Safety Alert:  Child Passenger Safety
PDF
- 104KB - 2 pages SA-003 (November 2010)NTSB Safety Alert:  Graduated Driver Licensing
PDF
- 126KB - 2 pages SA-004 (November 2010)NTSB Safety Alert:  Hard Core Drinking Drivers
PDF
- 119KB - 2 pages SA-005 (November 2010)NTSB Safety Alert:  Primary Seat Belt Laws
PDF
- 56KB - 1 page SA-008 (July 2006)NTSB Safety Alert:  Young African American Drivers
PDF
- 131KB - 2 pages SA-012 (November 2010)NTSB Safety Alert:  Motorcycle Deaths Remain High
PDF
- 87KB - 2 pages


Article Index

DateArticleAuthor/Source
24 February 1998Sunshine Act Meeting; Public Hearing on Safety of Nation's Transit Bus SystemsFederal Register: NTSB (Ray Smith)
18 June 2003US NTSB Launches Seat Belt Campaign David Clements
June 2007NTSB Calls for Fire Prevention Upgrades on MotorcoachesNTSB
8 September 2010Sunshine Act MeetingFederal Register: NTSB (Candi R. Bing)
12 July 2011Sunshine Act MeetingFederal Register: NTSB (Candi R. Bing)
30 August 2011Sunshine Act MeetingFederal Register: NTSB (Candi R. Bing)
12 December 2011US Transportation Investigators Recommend Ban on Driver Cell Phone UseVOA News
14 December 2011Knee-jerk reaction by NTSBGus Philpott, The Woodstock Advocate
26 December 2011Push to Ban Cell Phone Use While Driving BuildsLaurel Bowman, VOA News
17 July 2012Sunshine Act MeetingFederal Register: NTSB (Candi R. Bing)
18 October 2012Sunshine Act MeetingsFederal Register: NTSB (Candi R. Bing)
27 November 2012Notice of Sunshine Act MeetingFederal Register: NTSB (Candi R. Bing)
29 October 2013Sunshine Act MeetingFederal Register: NTSB (Candi R. Bing)
1 July 2014Sunshine Act MeetingFederal Register: NTSB (Candi R. Bing)
7 August 2015Sunshine Act MeetingFederal Register: NTSB (Candi R. Bing)
21 October 2015Sunshine Act MeetingFederal Register: NTSB (Candi R. Bing)
3 November 2015Sunshine Act MeetingFederal Register: NTSB (Candi R. Bing)
4 February 2016Sunshine Act MeetingFederal Register: NTSB (Candi R. Bing)
29 September 2016Sunshine Act MeetingFederal Register: NTSB (Candi R. Bing)
1 March 2017Sunshine Act Meeting; AgendaFederal Register: NTSB (Candi R. Bing)
21 March 2017Sunshine Act MeetingFederal Register: NTSB (LaSean R. McCray)
20 June 2017NTSB: Driver Ignored Warnings, Did Not Hold Wheel in Fatal Tesla CrashVOA News
24 January 2018US Safety Board to Probe Tesla Autopilot CrashVOA News
16 May 2018Sunshine Act MeetingFederal Register: NTSB (LaSean McCray)
17 July 2018Sunshine Act MeetingFederal Register: NTSB (LaSean McCray)
22 August 2018Sunshine Act MeetingFederal Register: NTSB (Candi R. Bing)
26 September 2018Sunshine Act MeetingsFederal Register: NTSB (Candi R. Bing)


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