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Jeep

American Government Special Collections Reference Desk

Jeep
Vehicle Type

A multipurpose utility vehicle originally produced for the United States military during World War II.  After the war, it became a civilian sport-utility vehicle.  Jeep later (and currently) has been a brand of sport-utility vehicles, currently owned and produced by Chrysler.  The familiar shape of the "original" Jeeps can be seen on Jeep's modern Wrangler model and styling from the original Jeeps have inspired an entire line of all-terrain vehicles and SUVs (and at one time a pickup truck) under the Jeep marque.  The most notable of these features is the seven vertical slot grille.

The Jeep marque passed ownership from Willys to American Motors Corporation (AMC) to its current owner, Chrysler.

Some of the design elements of the Jeep also carried over into General Motors' Hummer brand.  During the time that the military was replacing their Jeep-based vehicles with the HMMWV (Humvee), they contracted AM General, at the time affilited with American Motors Corporation, to do part of the design work.  The result was a Jeep-inspired seven vertical-slot grille.  This was originally a bit of design homage to the original Jeeps, however, once the civilian HMMWV, the Hummer H1, was produced and sold as a General Motors vehicle and smaller Hummer models were designed to resemble the H1, which itself had design elements of the Jeep, Jeep owner and GM competitor Chrysler filed a lawsuit.  The lawsuit was resolved without General Motors having to change the design of the Hummer line.

A Jeep is mentioned in the Tim McGraw song Down on the Farm in the line, "Farmer Johnson's daughters just pulled up in a Jeep."

Subtopics
Jeep as a Marque
Military Vehicles:  Ford GPW, United States Army M38
Civilian Vehicles:  Willys CJ-2A, ;Willys CJ-3A, Jeep CJ-5, Jeep CJ-6, Jeep CJ-7, Jeep Wrangler
Ford Reconnaissance Cars Join the Army (1941 film)
Autobiography of a Jeep (1943 film)

Page Sections
Images
Merchandise
Article Index


Images

Jeep Clipart Public domain clip art image from WP Clipart
View Jeep Clipart - 6KB
US Army Jeep Photo courtesy of Image*After
View photo of the US Army Jeep - 872KB
World War II-era Jeep World War II-era Jeep
Photo ©2014 Bill Crittenden
View photo of World War II-era Jeep - 2.7MB
World War II-era Jeep World War II-era Jeep
Photo ©2014 Bill Crittenden
View photo of World War II-era Jeep - 2.2MB
World War II-era Jeep World War II-era Jeep
Photo ©2014 Bill Crittenden
View photo of World War II-era Jeep - 2.2MB
World War II-era Jeep World War II-era Jeep
Photo ©2014 Bill Crittenden
View photo of World War II-era Jeep - 2.0MB
World War II-era Jeep World War II-era Jeep
Photo ©2014 Bill Crittenden
View photo of World War II-era Jeep - 2.3MB
World War II-era Jeep World War II-era Jeep
Photo ©2014 Bill Crittenden
View photo of World War II-era Jeep - 2.4MB
World War II-era Jeep World War II-era Jeep
Photo ©2014 Bill Crittenden
View photo of World War II-era Jeep - 3.5MB


Merchandise

Type & Item #NameDetails
Model Kit MPC 785/12World War II Jeep


Article Index

DateArticleAgency/Author/Speaker
November 16, 2005How The Jeep Got It's NameAl Carl
January 30, 2006Four Wheel Drive History Willys JeepJohn Davison
February 13, 2006The Jeep's HistoryAl Carl
July 5, 2006Then Came the CJ - the first Civilian JeepAl Carl
April 14, 2009begining for Jeep, TheRonnie Tanner




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