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Volvo XC90

American Government Special Collections Reference Desk

XC90
Vehicle Model

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Wikipedia: Volvo XC90

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History
Multimedia
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Merchandise
Article Index
An SUV produced by Volvo beginning in model year 2003.

History

The following section is an excerpt from Wikipedia's Volvo XC90 page on 23 October 2017, text available via the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License.

The Volvo XC90 is a luxury crossover SUV manufactured and marketed by Volvo Cars since 2002 and now in its second generation.

The first generation was introduced at the 2002 North American International Auto Show and used the Volvo P2 platform shared with the first generation Volvo S80 and other large Volvo cars. It was manufactured at Volvo's Torslandaverken. Volvo moved production equipment of the first generation to China and ended Swedish production at the end of 2014, renaming the car as the Volvo XC Classic (or Volvo XC90 Classic). The XC90 was Volvo's top-selling vehicle in the United States and also Volvo's best selling model worldwide in 2005 with 85,994 cars sold.

In the end of 2014, the second generation XC90 was introduced. It is based on a new global platform, called Scalable Product Architecture or SPA for short. Both generations of the XC90 have won Motor Trend's SUV of the Year award in their debuts.

First generation (2002–2014)

In January 2001, Volvo débuted its Adventure Concept Car at the North American International Auto Show, to gauge reaction to the styling and features of its upcoming SUV. In November 2001, Volvo released a teaser image showing the frontal styling of the production version, named the XC90. Notable as Volvo's first SUV model, the styling of the XC90 recalled the concept. In January 2002, the full XC90 unveiling occurred, at the North American International Auto Show. Production began in August 2002, after Volvo's traditional mid-year shutdown, with the first XC90s coming out of the Torslanda factory in Sweden.

At its North American launch for the 2003 model year, the XC90 was presented with a choice of two trim levels, the 2.5 T and the T6. The 2.5 T was the entry level version and offered a 2.5-litre B5254T2 "T5" turbocharged inline-five engine, producing 208 hp (155 kW) and 236 lb·ft (320 N·m) mated to an Aisin co-developed five-speed AW55-50/51 automatic. The T6 offered a 2.9-litre B6294T twin-turbocharged inline-six with 268 hp (200 kW) and 280 lb·ft (380 N·m) mated to a GM-sourced, Volvo-modified four-speed 4T65EV/GT automatic. While the 2.5T came standard with front-wheel drive, a Haldex Traction all-wheel drive (AWD) system was optional. The T6 was offered only with the AWD system.

A Yamaha V8 engine was added in 2005. This 4.4-litre Volvo B8444S engine produced 288 hp (215 kW) for the first few models later upgraded to 311 hp (232 kW) and 325 lb·ft (441 N·m) of torque. Volvo sold just over 40,000 XC90 units in North America that year.

The XC90 won the North American Car of the Year award and Motor Trend magazine's Sport/Utility of the Year for 2003.

The ex-host of Top Gear, Jeremy Clarkson, has owned three of these vehicles, and claims they were designed by someone who must've had children due to its practicality.

Second generation (2014–present)

In May 2012 Volvo announced that the second generation XC90 will go into production in late 2014, with orders being taken in 2014 and the vehicle officially going on sale in 2015. The SUV will be sold in Europe, Asia and North America. Volvo expects the United States to account for at least a third of global sales.

The new XC90 is based on Volvo's new platform, marketed as Scalable Product Architecture (SPA) technology which features a stronger platform offering weight reduction while improving safety and efficiency.

The vehicle is longer, wider and lower than its predecessor. All engines in the XC90 will be 2.0-litre four-cylinder Drive-E powertrains with Volvo's eight-speed Geartronic transmission. The line-up will include two petrol engines: a twincharged 320 hp T6, producing 400 nm of torque and a turbocharged 254 hp T5, producing 350 nm of torque, two diesel engines: a twin turbo 235 hp D5, producing 470 nm of torque and a turbocharged 190 hp D4, producing 400 nm of torque. The top-of-the-line model is the XC90 Twin Engine, a plug-in hybrid which combines the more powerful petrol engine at the front with an electric motor at the rear to produce 400 hp and 640 nm of torque.

The First Edition of the all-new Volvo XC90, 1,927 individually numbered cars only available for sale via digital commerce, sold out in 47 hours after orders opened on 3 September 2014. All 1,927 of the First Edition models, which could feature either the Petrol T6 or Diesel D5 engine, were finished in Onyx Black and feature 21-inch alloy wheels and include every available vehicle option. The limited production run number represents the year the Swedish brand was launched, with each model fitted with uniquely numbered tread plates and a distinctive rear mounted badge, with customers able to select their XC90 First Edition numbers. Number 1 was allocated to Carl XVI Gustav, the King of Sweden, with number 10 going to Zlatan Ibrahimović, Swedish professional footballer.


Multimedia

DateMedia or Collection Name & DetailsFiles
26 August 2013Volvo XC90 2013 - 3 minute review
Matt Hubbard for Speedmonkey

Article Page
- 56.8MB - 3:01


Documents

DateDocument Name & DetailsDocuments
March 2003Side Air Curtain Investigation / Vehicle to Vehicle
2003 Volvo XC90 sport utility vehicle
National Highway Traffic Safety Administration

PDF
- 734KB - 23 pages
20 May 2003Safety Compliance Testing for FMVSS 214: Side Impact Protection (Indicant)
2003 Volvo XC90 MPV
National Highway Traffic Safety Administration

PDF
- 7.9MB - 343 pages
October 2007Not in Traffic Surveillance Back Over Investigation / Vehicle to Non-Motorist
2004 Volvo XC90
National Highway Traffic Safety Administration

PDF
- 2,371KB - 24 pages
28 November 2007Vehicle Safety Compliance Testing for FMVSS 208, Occupant Crash Protection; FMVSS 212, Windshield Mounting; FMVSS 219, Windshield Intrustion (Partial); FMVSS 301, Fuel System Integrity
2007 Volvo XC90 MPV
National Highway Traffic Safety Administration

PDF
- 17.4MB - 352 pages
22 April 2008Safety Compliance Testing for FMVSS No. 110: Tire Selection and Rims
2008 Volvo XC90 Four-Door MPV
National Highway Traffic Safety Administration

PDF
- 2.3MB - 50 pages
18 June 2008Safety Compliance Testing for FMVSS No. 138: Tire Pressure Monitoring Systems
2008 Volvo XC90 Four-Door MPV
National Highway Traffic Safety Administration

PDF
- 2.2MB - 84 pages
3 October 2008Safety Compliance Testing for FMVSS 118: Power-Operated Window, Partition, And Roof Panel Systems
2008 Volvo XC90, MPV
National Highway Traffic Safety Administration

PDF
- 2.1MB - 38 pages
14 November 2008Safety Compliance Testing for FMVSS 225: Child Restraint Anchorage Systems (Lower and Tether Anchorages)
2008 Volvo XC90, MPV
National Highway Traffic Safety Administration

PDF
- 6.6MB - 94 pages
12 May 2011DEFECT INFORMATION REPORT
From: Adam Kopstein, Volvo Cars of North America, LLC
To: Daniel Smith, National Highway Traffic Safety Administration
NHTSA Recall 11V286000

PDF
- 352KB - 3 pages
12 May 2011NHTSA Recall 11V286000
2010-2011 Volvo XC90
Steering
National Highway Traffic Safety Administration
Recall Page - 1 page
26 May 2011DEFECT INFORMATION REPORT
From: Adam Kopstein, Volvo Cars of North America, LLC
To: Daniel Smith, National Highway Traffic Safety Administration
NHTSA Recall 11V286000

PDF
- 29KB - 3 pages
7 June 2011IMPORTANT RECALL NOTICE
Volvo Cars of North America, LLC
NHTSA Recall 11V286000

PDF
- 73KB - 2 pages
22 July 2011Vehicle Safety Recall Quarterly Report Information
Volvo Cars of North America, LLC
NHTSA Recall 11V286000

PDF
- 66KB - 2 pages
21 October 2011Vehicle Safety Recall Quarterly Report Information
Volvo Cars of North America, LLC
NHTSA Recall 11V286000

PDF
- 33KB - 2 pages
24 January 2012Vehicle Safety Recall Quarterly Report Information
Volvo Cars of North America, LLC
NHTSA Recall 11V286000

PDF
- 34KB - 2 pages
13 April 2012DEFECT INFORMATION REPORT
From: Adam Kopstein, Volvo Cars of North America, LLC
To: Nancy Lewis, National Highway Traffic Safety Administration
NHTSA Recall 11V286000

PDF
- 32KB - 2 pages
20 April 2012Vehicle Safety Recall Quarterly Report Information
Volvo Cars of North America, LLC
NHTSA Recall 11V286000

PDF
- 40KB - 2 pages
23 July 2012Vehicle Safety Recall Quarterly Report Information
Volvo Cars of North America, LLC
NHTSA Recall 11V286000

PDF
- 37KB - 2 pages
19 October 2012Vehicle Safety Recall Quarterly Report Information
Volvo Cars of North America, LLC
NHTSA Recall 11V286000

PDF
- 40KB - 2 pages
17 Janaury 2013Vehicle Safety Recall Quarterly Report Information
Volvo Cars of North America, LLC
NHTSA Recall 11V286000

PDF
- 40KB - 2 pages
22 April 2013Vehicle Safety Recall Quarterly Report Information
Volvo Cars of North America, LLC
NHTSA Recall 11V286000

PDF
- 34KB - 2 pages
16 July 2013Vehicle Safety Recall Quarterly Report Information
Volvo Cars of North America, LLC
NHTSA Recall 11V286000

PDF
- 31KB - 2 pages


Merchandise

Type & Item #NameDetails
Die Cast - Matchbox H1851Volvo XC90MBX Metal, 1:74 scale, silver


Article Index

DateArticleAuthor/Source
9 June 2006Buried SUV From Volvo? Try Out The Worldwide ‘Pirate' Treasure HuntTerry Brown
28 June 2006Something New With The Volvo XC90Kenneth McKinley
2 August 2006Hunt For A Buried Volvo XC90, TheKenneth McKinley
21 August 2013We're taking this Volvo XC90 to CarFest South Matt Hubbard, Speedmonkey
28 August 2013Volvo XC90 3 minute video review Matt Hubbard, Speedmonkey
30 August 20132013 Volvo XC90 D5 review Matt Hubbard, Speedmonkey
22 July 2014The New Volvo XC90 Will Be The Safest Car Ever Matt Hubbard, Speedmonkey
27 August 2014The 2015 Volvo XC90 Is Finally Revealed - Stats, Price & Photos Matt Hubbard, Speedmonkey
18 September 20142015 Volvo XC90 R-Design Revealed Matt Hubbard, Speedmonkey
14 January 20162016 Volvo XC90 Wins AutoGuide.com’s Utility Vehicle of the Year AwardAutoGuide.com


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