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UPS

American Government Special Collections Reference Desk

UPS
Delivery Service

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Official Site: UPS.com
Wikipedia: United Parcel Service

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History
Photographs
Article Index
A delivery service founded as the American Messenger Company in 1907, it became United Parcel Service in 1919.

History

The following section is an excerpt from Wikipedia's United Parcel Service page on 18 June 2019, text available via the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License.

United Parcel Service (UPS) is an American multinational package delivery and supply chain management company.

Along with the central package delivery operation, the UPS brand name (in a fashion similar to that of competitor FedEx) is used to denote many of its divisions and subsidiaries, including its cargo airline (UPS Airlines), freight-based trucking operation (UPS Freight, formerly Overnite Transportation), and retail-based packing and shipping centers (The UPS Store). The global logistics company is headquartered in the U.S. city of Sandy Springs, Georgia, which is a part of the Greater Atlanta metropolitan area.

On August 28, 1907, James Casey founded the American Messenger Company with Claude Ryan in Seattle, Washington, capitalized with $100 in debt. Most deliveries at this time were made on foot and bicycles were used for longer trips.

The American Messenger Company focused primarily on package delivery to retail stores with special delivery mail delivered for its largest client the United States Postal Service. In 1913, the company acquired a Model T Ford as its first delivery vehicle. Casey and Ryan merged with a competitor, Evert McCabe, and formed Merchants Parcel Delivery. Consolidated delivery was also introduced, combining packages addressed to a certain neighborhood onto one delivery vehicle. In 1916, Charlie Soderstrom joined Merchants Parcel Delivery bringing in more vehicles for the growing delivery business. In 1919, the company expanded for the first time outside of Seattle to Oakland, California and changed its name to United Parcel Service. The name change to United Parcel Service was to remind the company expansion that operations were still United under the same organisation and Parcel identified the type of business offered as part of its Service. Common carrier service was acquired in 1922 from a company in Los Angeles, California. UPS became one of the only companies in the United States to offer common carrier service. At first common carrier was only limited to a small area around Los Angeles but by 1927 expanded to areas up to 125 miles outside the city. In 1924, a conveyor belt system was debuted for the handling of packages for UPS operations.


Photographs

UPS Ford Model T in 1921 Ford Model T in 1921
View photo of UPS Ford Model T in 1921 - 330KB
UPS Truck Subject:  Freightliner UPS Truck
Photographer:  Bill Crittenden
Date:  2011

View photo of UPS Truck - 274KB


Article Index

DateArticleAuthor/Source
12 June 2014East St. Louis Man Convicted In Ups Truck RobberyU.S. Attorney’s Office, Southern District of Illinois
10 October 2014East St. Louis Man Gets Tough Sentence In UPS Truck RobberyU.S. Attorney’s Office, Southern District of Illinois
9 June 2017Parts and Accessories Necessary for Safe Operation; Application for an Exemption From United Parcel Service Inc.Federal Register: FMCSA (Larry W. Minor)
29 August 2017Congratulating John Schultz on His Retirement After 44 Years at UPSCongressional Record: Rep. Jackie Walorski
19 June 2019Entry-Level Driver Training: United Parcel Service, Inc. (UPS); Application for ExemptionFederal Register: FMCSA (Larry W. Minor)
9 December 2019Entry-Level Driver Training: United Parcel Service, Inc. (UPS); Application for ExemptionFederal Register: FMCSA (Jim Mullen)
7 January 2020Former UPS Driver Becomes First-Time Business Owner With California Tortilla, Opens Kansas’ First Location in Wichita on January 8California Tortilla
25 February 2020Commercial Driver's License: United Parcel Service, Inc. (UPS); Application for ExemptionsFederal Register: FMCSA (Larry W. Minor)
23 September 2020Entry-Level Driver Training: United Parcel Service, Inc. (UPS); Reconsideration of Denial of Application for ExemptionFederal Register: FMCSA (Larry W. Minor)


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