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Jaguar Land Rover

American Government Special Collections Reference Desk

Jaguar Land Rover
Vehicle Manufacturer

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Official Site: JaguarLandRover.com
Wikipedia: Jaguar Land Rover

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Founded: 18 January 2008

Parent company of Jaguar and Land Rover.

History

The following section is an excerpt from Wikipedia's Jaguar Land Rover page on 12 October 2018, text available via the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License.

Jaguar Land Rover Automotive PLC is the holding company of Jaguar Land Rover Limited, a British multinational automotive company with its headquarters in Whitley, Coventry, United Kingdom, and a subsidiary of Indian automotive company Tata Motors. The principal activity of Jaguar Land Rover Limited is the design, development, manufacture and sale of vehicles bearing the Jaguar and Land Rover marques. Both marques have long and complex histories prior to their merger – Jaguar going back to the 1930s and Land Rover to the 1940s – first coming together in 1968 as part of the ill-fated British Leyland conglomerate, later again independent of each other, and then as subsidiaries of BMW (in the case of Land Rover), and Ford Motor Company (Jaguar). Ford acquired Land Rover from BMW in 2000 following the break-up of the former Rover Group, which was effectively the remainder of the British Leyland car producing companies.

Jaguar Land Rover has been a subsidiary of Tata Motors since they founded it for the acquisition of Jaguar Cars Limited and Land Rover from Ford in 2008. On 1 January 2013 the operations of Jaguar Cars Limited and Land Rover were merged as Jaguar Land Rover Limited and the parent was renamed to Jaguar Land Rover Automotive PLC.

Both businesses having been part of British Leyland for parts of their histories until 1984, Jaguar Cars and Land Rover were eventually reunited into the same group again by the Ford Motor Company in 2002. Ford had acquired Jaguar Cars in 1989 and Land Rover from BMW in 2000. In 2006, Ford purchased the Rover brand name from BMW for around £6 million. This reunited the Rover and Land Rover brands for the first time since the Rover group was broken up by BMW in 2000.

On 18 January 2008, Tata Motors, a part of the Tata Group, established Jaguar Land Rover Limited as a British-registered, wholly owned subsidiary. The company was to be used as a holding company for the acquisition from Ford of the two businesses – Jaguar Cars Limited and Land Rover. That acquisition was completed on 2 June 2008. On 1 January 2013, the group, which had been operating as two separate companies (Jaguar Cars Limited and Land Rover), although on an integrated basis, underwent a fundamental restructuring. The parent company was renamed to Jaguar Land Rover Automotive PLC, Jaguar Cars Limited was renamed to Jaguar Land Rover Limited and the assets (excluding certain Chinese interests) of Land Rover were transferred to it. The consequence was that Jaguar Land Rover Limited became responsible in the UK for the design, manufacture and marketing of both Jaguar and Land Rover products.

In addition to the Jaguar and Land Rover marques, JLR also owns the rights to the dormant Daimler, Lanchester and Rover marques. The latter was acquired by Land Rover, whilst still under Ford ownership, from BMW in the aftermath of the collapse of MG Rover Group; BMW had retained ownership of the marque when it broke up Rover Group in 2000, then licensed it to MG Rover.


Article Index

DateArticleAuthor/Source
12 January 2009Jaguar Land Rover to Drive Global Websites with Alterian Content ManagementAlterian
19 November 2012Jaguar Land Rover in Chinese Venture Matt Hubbard, Speedmonkey
9 July 2013Jaguar Land Rover, Horse Guards Parade and the Queen's Coronation Festival Matt Hubbard, Speedmonkey
29 August 2013Union "workers" are stopping production at Jaguar Land Rover factories Matt Hubbard, Speedmonkey
25 November 2013Jaguar Land Rover To Make Future Infotainment Tech With Intel Matt Hubbard, Speedmonkey
28 July 2014Jaguar Land Rover Buys 543 Classic British Cars In One Go Matt Hubbard, Speedmonkey
5 January 2015Here's Why Jaguar Land Rover Is The Coolest Car Company Right Now Matt Hubbard, Speedmonkey
23 March 2016Telematics Berlin 2016: Autotrader, Jaguar Land Rover and Gett Tackle the Biggest Issues in the Connected CarTU-Automotive
10 April 2016At TU-Automotive Detroit Fiat Chrysler Automobiles, Jaguar Land Rover and Panasonic Consider How Tech Will Change Car DesignTU-Automotive
21 February 2017Let Your Phone Pay for Your Car's FuelVOA News


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