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Ford Crown Victoria

American Government Special Collections Reference Desk

Crown Victoria
Vehicle Model

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Wikipedia: Ford Crown Victoria

Subtopics
Ford Crown Victoria Emergency Services Vehicles

Reference Desk
Chilton Manual for Ford Crown Victoria & Mercury Grand Marquis 1989 thru 1998

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History
Reference Desk
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Article Index
Merchandise
A car produced by Ford.  The name was originally a trim level of the Ford Fairlane from 1955-1956, and from 1980-1991 it was a variant of the LTD known as the LTD Crown Victoria. After dropping the LTD the "Ford Crown Victoria" was then produced in two generations from 1992-2012.

Commonly used as taxicabs and police cruisers and often referred to as the "Crown Vic."  The police versions carry the tag of "Police Interceptor," a name which was carried over to the Crown Victoria's replacement in Ford's lineup for police cars: the Taurus-based Ford Interceptor.

Awards and acknowledgements include:
A Complete Guide to Used Cars (1995 Edition) Best Late-Model Bet in the Full-size Car category (model years 1992-1995)

History

The following section is an excerpt from Wikipedia's Ford Crown Victoria page on 30 September 2017, text available via the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License.

The Ford Crown Victoria (or simply Crown Vic) is a rear-wheel drive full-sized four-door sedan that was marketed and manufactured by Ford from the 1992 to the 2011 model years over two generations. Discontinued in 2011, the latter day Crown Victoria began production in 1991 at Ford's St. Thomas Assembly plant in Southwold, Ontario, Canada. Dropping its previous LTD prefix, Ford instead revived a nameplate once used on a two-door version of the Fairlane sold in the North American market for the 1955 model year.

The Crown Victoria shared the Ford Panther platform and major powertrain, body, and suspension components with the Lincoln Town Car and Mercury Grand Marquis. Along with its rebadged Mercury and Lincoln variants, the Crown Victoria was the final full-frame rear-wheel-drive passenger sedan produced in North America. The durability associated with its layout popularized the Crown Victoria with taxicab owners and commonly used police patrol/pursuit vehicles in North America.

1955-1956

The first use of the Crown Victoria nameplate by Ford was in the 1955 model year as part of the Ford Fairlane range. Separate from the Fairlane Victoria two-door hardtop, the Fairlane Crown Victoria was given its own B-pillared roofline, with a stainless-steel band "crowning" the roof, an interpretation of the "victoria carriage" bodystyle. The first time Ford used the "victoria" as a naming convention was in 1932 on the Ford Victoria 2-door coupe and the larger Lincoln Victoria coupe. A variant of the Crown Victoria, the Crown Victoria Skyliner, replaced the front half of the roof with acrylic glass. For the 1956 model year, along with the rest of the Ford model line, the Fairlane Crown Victoria received the Lifeguard option package.

For 1957, the Crown Victoria and Crown Victoria Skyliner were replaced as the flagship of the Ford Fairlane line by the retractable-hardtop Ford Fairlane 500 Skyliner.

First generation (1992–1997)

The Ford Crown Victoria was released for sale in March 1991 as a 1992 model. In an effort to widen the market of potential buyers for the vehicle, Ford made two major changes, removing the LTD prefix from its name and postponing all fleet sales of the Crown Victoria for 14 months. As with its chief competitor, the 1991 Chevrolet Caprice, the 1992 Crown Victoria featured a major exterior redesign, focusing on aerodynamics and fuel efficiency; the coefficient of drag was reduced from 0.42 to 0.34 (nearly matching the 0.32 of the Ford Taurus).

Due to a shift in demand for family-oriented vehicles, the LTD Country Squire station wagon was not included as part of the redesign. While the Ford Taurus and Mercury Sable continued in production with the option of three-row seating, the role of the Country Squire (and Mercury Colony Park) was largely superseded by the Ford Aerostar, Ford Econoline/Ford Club Wagon, and the Ford Explorer.

During their launch, the Ford Crown Victoria (and Mercury Grand Marquis) were involved in a unique loophole involving CAFE. Though produced in Southwold, Ontario (which otherwise made them domestic automobiles), Ford changed its supplier network in order for the two vehicles to be classified as "imports", which classified the full-size sedans as part of the Ford imported CAFE fleet (alongside the Ford Festiva).

Second generation (1998–2012)

In November 1997, for the 1998 model year, the second (and final) generation of the Crown Victoria was introduced. Following the lack of acceptance of the radical styling of the 1990-1996 Chevrolet Caprice, the Crown Victoria moved further away from its 1992 redesign. Instead of borrowing design cues from the Taurus, the Crown Victoria shared many of its body parts, including its entire roofline, with the more popular Mercury Grand Marquis. To differentiate itself from Mercury, the Crown Victoria was given larger headlights, different bumpers, and a rectangular grille. The interior design saw little change aside from a new steering wheel. The redesigned 1998 Crown Victoria went on sale December 26th, 1997.

Mechanically, a revised four-link suspension with a Watt's linkage was added to the rear axle; while not a change to independent rear suspension, general road handling manners improved at the expense of towing capacity. Larger brakes necessitated the standardization of 16-inch wheels. Police cars (P71/P72) switched from full wheel covers and dog-dish covers held onto the wheel by four nubs (on HD Steel Wheels) to a design with center caps that attached onto the lug nuts; these were sourced from the Explorer SUV. Under the hood, coil-on-plug ignition replaced the traditional spark plug wires; a first for the 4.6 L 2v Modular V8, this was a design borrowed from the 3.4 L V8 used in the 1996-1999 Ford Taurus SHO (and the 4.6 L 4v used in the 1993-1998 Lincoln Mark VIII & 1996-1998 Mustang SVT Cobra).

In 2006, retail sales of the Crown Victoria dwindled to just 3,000, compared to 38,280 of its stablemate Mercury Grand Marquis in the first nine months of 2007. Starting with the 2008 model year, the Crown Victoria became available solely through Ford Fleet and the retail version was succeeded with its submate the Mercury Grand Marquis which was still sold for retail sales except the Middle East where this and the Mercury Grand Marquis are all retail cars; by 2007, approximately 95% of total Crown Victoria sale had been to fleet customers.

For 2009, Ford narrowed the available Crown Victoria's in North America by one more model. The Standard (P73) model designation was discontinued in favor of the LX. The LX now included 5-spoke alloy wheels that were used before for the LX Premium Sport and Handling package. These wheels are used in favor of the 9-spoke design the LX has used since 2003, purportedly due to the Lincoln Town Car using 17" wheels standard, as well as the Police Interceptor and the Taxi/Commercial (P72) model.


Reference Desk

The Crittenden Automotive Library's "Reference Desk" is a collection of materials that cannot be shared due to copyright restrictions. Information from these resources, however, can be shared. Go to the Reference Desk page for more information.

TypeTitle
2002 BookBug: The Strange Mutations of the World's Most Famous Automobile by Phil Patton; Simon & Schuster


Photographs

1956 Ford Crown Victoria 1956
AMT kit
Photo ©2010 Bill Crittenden
2010 NIMCON
July 17, 2010
View photo of 1956 Ford Crown Victoria Model - 3,874KB
1956 Ford Crown Victoria 1956
AMT kit
Photo ©2010 Bill Crittenden
2010 NIMCON
July 17, 2010
View photo of 1956 Ford Crown Victoria Model - 3,514KB
1994 Ford Crown Victoria Demolition Derby Model Car 1994 Demolition Derby Car
Photo ©2012 Bill Crittenden
2012 Cedarville Model Car Contest and Swap Meet
View photo of 1994 Ford Crown Victoria Demolition Derby Model Car - 2.2MB
1994 Ford Crown Victoria Demolition Derby Model Car 1994 Demolition Derby Car
Photo ©2012 Bill Crittenden
2012 Cedarville Model Car Contest and Swap Meet
View photo of 1994 Ford Crown Victoria Demolition Derby Model Car - 2.3MB
1994 Ford Crown Victoria Demolition Derby Model Car 1994 Demolition Derby Car
Photo ©2012 Bill Crittenden
2012 Cedarville Model Car Contest and Swap Meet
View photo of 1994 Ford Crown Victoria Demolition Derby Model Car - 2.2MB
1998 Ford Crown Victoria Demolition Derby Model 1998 Demolition Derby
Photo ©2012 Bill Crittenden
2012 Attack of the Plastic
View photo of Toyota 88C Model - 3.7MB
303 Taxi Ford Crown Victoria 303 Taxi
Photo ©2009 Bill Crittenden
View photo of 303 Taxi Ford Crown Victoria - 2,185KB
Metro Yellow Cab Ford Crown Victoria Metro Yellow Cab
Photo ©2010 Bill Crittenden
View photo of Yellow Cab Ford Crown Victoria - 949KB
Universal Taxi Ford Crown Victoria Universal Taxi
Photo ©2011 Bill Crittenden
View photo of Universal Taxi Ford Crown Victoria - 1,872KB
McHenry Cab Ford Crown Victoria McHenry Cab
Photo ©2010 Bill Crittenden
View photo of McHenry Cab Ford Crown Victoria - 376KB
Oswego Cab Ford Crown Victoria Oswego Cab
Photo ©2011 Bill Crittenden
View photo of Oswego Cab Ford Crown Victoria - 3.6MB


Documents

DateDocument Name & DetailsDocuments
November 2002On-Site Adult Air Bag-Related Fatality Investigation
Vehicle - 1993 Ford Crown Victoria
National Highway Traffic Safety Administration

PDF
- 518KB - 13 pages
classified date 1994Calspan Remote Air Bag Fatality Investigation
Vehicle - 1993 Ford Crown Victoria LX
National Highway Traffic Safety Administration

PDF
- 3.1MB - 21 pages
September 1997Calspan On-Site Air Bag/Child Fatality Investigation
Vehicle - 1994 Ford Crown Victoria
National Highway Traffic Safety Administration

PDF
- 262KB - 27 pages
April 1996Remote Air Bag Report
Vehicle - 1995 Ford Crown Victoria
National Highway Traffic Safety Administration

PDF
- 277KB - 10 pages
May 1997On Scene / Vehicle to Vehicle / Front to Back
1995 Ford Crown Victoria LX
National Highway Traffic Safety Administration

PDF
- 218KB - 19 pages
December 2004Child Air Bag Related Fatality Investigation / Vehicle to Vehicle
1997 Ford Crown Victoria
National Highway Traffic Safety Administration

PDF
- 2,747KB - 21 pages
February 1998Remote Investigation/Passenger Vehicle vs. Heavy Truck/Front to Side Impact
1998 Ford Crown Victoria, Four Door Sedan
National Highway Traffic Safety Administration

PDF
- 170KB - 13 pages
September 1998Remote, Redesigned Air Bag Special Study
1998 Ford Crown Victoria
National Highway Traffic Safety Administration

PDF
- 373KB - 9 pages
October 1998Remote Air Bag Deployment Report
Vehicle - 1998 Ford Crown Victoria LX
National Highway Traffic Safety Administration

PDF
- 324KB - 9 pages
classified date 2001Special Crash Investigation Report
Case Vehicle: 1998 Ford Crown Victoria, 4-door sedan (police car)
National Highway Traffic Safety Administration

PDF
- 6.5MB - 119 pages
classified date 2001Special Crash Investigation Report
Case Vehicle: 1999 Ford Crown Victoria LX, 4-door sedan
National Highway Traffic Safety Administration

PDF
- 3.5MB - 99 pages
May 1999Redesigned Air Bag Special Study (RABSS)
SCI Technical Summary Report
RABSS Vehicle - 1999 Ford Crown Victoria
National Highway Traffic Safety Administration

PDF
- 127KB - 10 pages
classified date 2000Special Crash Investigation Report
Case Vehicle: 1999 Ford Crown Victoria, 4-door sedan
National Highway Traffic Safety Administration

PDF
- 34.4MB - 93 pages
September 2002On-Site Advanced Occupant Protection System Investigation
Vehicle - 2001 Ford Crown Victoria
National Highway Traffic Safety Administration

PDF
- 695KB - 25 pages
March 2003On Site Advanced Occupant Protection Investigation / Vehicle to Vehicle
2001 Ford Crown Victoria
National Highway Traffic Safety Administration

PDF
- 1,659KB - 22 pages
September 2002Remote Advanced Occupant Protection System Investigation
SCI Technical Summary Report
Vehicle - 2003 Ford Crown Victoria
National Highway Traffic Safety Administration

PDF
- 656KB - 14 pages
21 February 2003Vehicle Safety Compliance Testing for FMVSS 208 for Occupant Crash Protection: Sled Test
2003 Ford Crown Victoria
National Highway Traffic Safety Administration

PDF
- 7.4MB - 208 pages
22 July 2003Safety Compliance Testing for FMVSS 124: Accelerator Control Systems
2003 Ford Crown Victoria
National Highway Traffic Safety Administration

PDF
- 1.6MB - 62 pages
31 July 2003Safety Compliance Testing for FMVSS 401: Interior Trunk Release
2003 Ford Crown Victoria 4-Door
National Highway Traffic Safety Administration

PDF
- 1.2MB - 21 pages
12 August 2003Safety Compliance Testing for FMVSS 207: Seating Systems
2003 Ford Crown Victoria 4 Door Sedan
National Highway Traffic Safety Administration

PDF
- 13.2MB - 153 pages


Article Index

DateArticleAuthor/Source
18 December 2000AutoLign Introduces Two New Bumper Fascia ApplicationsAutoLign
3 October 2002Summary: Crown Victoria Investigation October 2002National Highway Traffic Safety Administration


Merchandise

Type & Item #NameDetails
Die Cast x2 - Johnny Lightning 363-081955 Ford Crown VictoriaLimited Edition First Shot, small scale, lavender & white chrome/unpainted, production: 7,500,




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