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Qualification of Drivers; Exemption Applications; Epilepsy and Seizure Disorders

American Government Special Collections Reference Desk

American Government

Qualification of Drivers; Exemption Applications; Epilepsy and Seizure Disorders

Larry W. Minor
Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration
March 21, 2014


[Federal Register Volume 79, Number 55 (Friday, March 21, 2014)]
[Notices]
[Pages 15791-15793]
From the Federal Register Online via the Government Printing Office [www.gpo.gov]
[FR Doc No: 2014-06160]


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DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION

Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration

[Docket No. FMCSA-2013- 0443]


Qualification of Drivers; Exemption Applications; Epilepsy and 
Seizure Disorders

AGENCY: Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration (FMCSA), DOT.

ACTION: Notice of applications for exemption, request for comments.

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SUMMARY: FMCSA announces receipt of applications from 13 individuals 
for an exemption from the prohibition against persons with a clinical 
diagnosis of epilepsy or any other condition which is likely to cause a 
loss of consciousness or any loss of ability to operate a commercial 
motor vehicle (CMV) from operating CMVs in interstate commerce. The 
regulation and the associated advisory criteria published in the Code 
of Federal Regulations as the ``Instructions for Performing and 
Recording Physical Examinations'' have resulted in numerous drivers 
being prohibited from operating CMVs in interstate commerce based on 
the fact that they have had one or more seizures and are taking anti-
seizure medication, rather than an individual analysis of their 
circumstances by a qualified medical examiner. If granted, the 
exemptions would enable these individuals who have had one or more 
seizures and are taking anti-seizure medication to operate CMVs for 2 
years in interstate commerce.

DATES: Comments must be received on or before April 21, 2014.

ADDRESSES: You may submit comments bearing the Federal Docket 
Management System (FDMS) Docket ID FMCSA-2013-0443 using any of the 
following methods:
     Federal eRulemaking Portal: Go to http://www.regulations.gov. Follow the on-line instructions for submitting 
comments.
     Mail: Docket Management Facility; U.S. Department of 
Transportation, 1200 New Jersey Avenue SE., West Building Ground Floor, 
Room W12-140, Washington, DC 20590-0001.
     Hand Delivery: West Building Ground Floor, Room W12-140, 
1200 New Jersey Avenue SE., Washington, DC, between 9 a.m. and 5 p.m., 
Monday through Friday, except Federal Holidays.
     Fax: 1-202-493-2251.
    Each submission must include the Agency name and the docket ID for 
this Notice. Note that DOT posts all comments received without change 
to http://www.regulations.gov, including any personal information 
included in a comment. Please see the Privacy Act heading below.
    Docket: For access to the docket to read background documents or 
comments, go to http://www.regulations.gov at any time or Room W12-140 
on the ground level of the West Building, 1200 New Jersey Avenue SE., 
Washington, DC, between 9 a.m. and 5 p.m., Monday through Friday, 
except Federal holidays. The FDMS is available 24 hours each day, 365 
days each year. If you want acknowledgment that we received your 
comments, please include a self-addressed, stamped envelope or postcard 
or print the acknowledgement page that appears after submitting 
comments on-line.
    Privacy Act: Anyone may search the electronic form of all comments 
received into any of our dockets by the name of the individual 
submitting the comment (or of the person signing the comment, if 
submitted on behalf of an association, business, labor union, etc.). 
You may review the DOT's complete Privacy Act Statement in the Federal 
Register published on January 17, 2008 (73 FR 3316; January 17, 2008). 
This information is also available at http://Docketinfo.dot.gov.

FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Elaine Papp, Chief, Medical Programs 
Division, (202) 366-4001, or via email at fmcsamedical@dot.gov, or by 
letter FMCSA, Room W64-113, Department of Transportation, 1200 New 
Jersey Avenue SE., Washington, DC 20590-

[[Page 15792]]

0001. Office hours are from 8:30 a.m. to 5 p.m., Monday through Friday, 
except Federal holidays.

SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION:

Background

    Under 49 U.S.C. 31315 and 31136(e), FMCSA may grant an exemption 
for a 2-year period if it finds ``such exemption would likely achieve a 
level of safety that is equivalent to or greater than the level that 
would be achieved absent such exemption.'' The statutes also allow the 
Agency to renew exemptions at the end of the 2-year period. The 13 
individuals listed in this notice have recently requested an exemption 
from the epilepsy prohibition in 49 CFR 391.41(b)(8), which applies to 
drivers who operate CMVs as defined in 49 CFR 390.5, in interstate 
commerce. Section 391.41(b)(8) states that a person is physically 
qualified to drive a commercial motor vehicle if that person has no 
established medical history or clinical diagnosis of epilepsy or any 
other condition which is likely to cause the loss of consciousness or 
any loss of ability to control a CMV.
    FMCSA provides medical advisory criteria for use by medical 
examiners in determining whether drivers with certain medical 
conditions should be certified to operate CMVs in intrastate commerce. 
The advisory criteria indicate that if an individual has had a sudden 
episode of a non-epileptic seizure or loss of consciousness of unknown 
cause which did not require anti-seizure medication, the decision 
whether that person's condition is likely to cause the loss of 
consciousness or loss of ability to control a CMV should be made on an 
individual basis by the medical examiner in consultation with the 
treating physician. Before certification is considered, it is suggested 
that a 6-month waiting period elapse from the time of the episode. 
Following the waiting period, it is suggested that the individual have 
a complete neurological examination. If the results of the examination 
are negative and anti-seizure medication is not required, then the 
driver may be qualified.
    In those individual cases where a driver had a seizure or an 
episode of loss of consciousness that resulted from a known medical 
condition (e.g., drug reaction, high temperature, acute infectious 
disease, dehydration, or acute metabolic disturbance), certification 
should be deferred until the driver has fully recovered from that 
condition, has no existing residual complications, and is not taking 
anti-seizure medication. Drivers who have a history of epilepsy/
seizures, off anti-seizure medication and seizure-free for 10 years, 
may be qualified to operate a CMV in interstate commerce. Interstate 
drivers with a history of a single unprovoked seizure may be qualified 
to drive a CMV in interstate commerce if seizure-free and off anti-
seizure medication for a 5-year period or more.

Submitting Comments

    You may submit your comments and material online or by fax, mail, 
or hand delivery, but please use only one of these means. FMCSA 
recommends that you include your name and a mailing address, an email 
address, or a phone number in the body of your document so that FMCSA 
can contact you if there are questions regarding your submission. To 
submit your comment online, go to http://www.regulations.gov and in the 
search box insert the docket number ``FMCSA-2013-0443'' and click the 
search button. When the new screen appears, click on the blue ``Comment 
Now!'' button on the right hand side of the page. On the new page, 
enter information required including the specific section of this 
document to which each comment applies, and provide a reason for each 
suggestion or recommendation. If you submit your comments by mail or 
hand delivery, submit them in an unbound format, no larger than 8\1/2\ 
by 11 inches, suitable for copying and electronic filing. If you submit 
comments by mail and would like to know that they reached the facility, 
please enclose a stamped, self-addressed postcard or envelope. We will 
consider all comments and material received during the comment period 
and may change this proposed rule based on your comments. FMCSA may 
issue a final rule at any time after the close of the comment period.

Viewing Comments and Documents

    To view comments, as well as any documents mentioned in this 
preamble, To submit your comment online, go to http://www.regulations.gov and in the search box insert the docket number 
``FMCSA-2013-0443'' and click ``Search.'' Next, click ``Open Docket 
Folder'' and you will find all documents and comments related to the 
proposed rulemaking.

Summary of Applications

Thomas Bynum

    Mr. Bynum is a 61 year-old class A CDL holder in North Carolina. He 
does not have a history of seizure. He takes anti-seizure medication 
since his surgery 35 years ago with the dosage and frequency remaining 
the same since that time. If granted the exemption, he would like to 
drive a CMV. His physician states that he is supportive of Mr. Bynum 
receiving an exemption.

Brian Conaway

    Mr. Conaway is a 42 year-old class B CDL holder in Ohio. He has a 
history of seizures and has remained seizure free and off anti-seizure 
medication since his surgery 1999. If granted the exemption, he would 
like to drive a CMV. His physician states that he is supportive of Mr. 
Conaway receiving an exemption.

Joan Diaz

    Ms. Diaz is a 49 year-old class B CDL holder in Maryland. She has a 
history of seizure disorder and has remained seizure free for 32 years. 
She takes anti-seizure medication with the dosage and frequency 
remaining the same for over 3 years. If granted the exemption, she 
would like to drive a school bus. Her physician states that he is 
supportive of Ms. Diaz receiving an exemption.

Christopher Fitch

    Mr. Fitch is a 51 year-old class B CDL holder in New York. He has a 
history of seizures and his last seizure was one year ago while in the 
hospital. He takes anti-seizure medication with the dosage and 
frequency remaining the same for over 2 years. If granted the 
exemption, he would like to drive a CMV. His physician states that he 
is supportive of Mr. Fitch receiving an exemption.

Ronald Hartl

    Mr. Hartl is a 55 year old driver in Wisconsin. He has a history of 
epilepsy and has remained seizure free for 35 years. He takes anti-
seizure medication with the dosage and frequency remaining the same for 
over 10 years. If granted the exemption, he would like to drive a CMV. 
His physician states that he is supportive of Mr. Hartl receiving an 
exemption.

Donald Hernandez

    Mr. Hernandez is a 40 year-old driver in California. He has a 
history of seizure disorder and has remained seizure free for 14 years. 
He takes anti-seizure medication with the dosage and frequency 
remaining the same for over 2 years. If granted the exemption, he would 
like to drive a CMV. His physician states that he is supportive of Mr. 
Hernandez receiving an exemption.

Craig Hoisington

    Mr. Hoisington is a 41 year-old driver in New Hampshire. He has a 
history of epilepsy and has remained seizure free for 10 years. He 
takes anti-seizure medication with the dosage and frequency remaining 
the same for over

[[Page 15793]]

2 years. If granted the exemption, he would like to drive a CMV. His 
physician states that he is supportive of Mr. Hoisington receiving an 
exemption.

Earnest Lansberry

    Mr. Lansberry is a 62 year-old driver in Pennsylvania. He has a 
history of seizure disorder and has remained seizure free for 7 years. 
He takes anti-seizure medication with the dosage and frequency 
remaining the same since that time. If granted the exemption, he would 
like to drive a CMV. His physician states that he is supportive of Mr. 
Lansberry receiving an exemption.

Michael Miller

    Mr. Miller is a 56 year-old driver in Wisconsin. He has a history 
of epilepsy and has remained seizure free seizure for 11 years. He 
takes anti-seizure medication with the dosage and frequency remaining 
the same since that time. If granted the exemption, he would like to 
drive a CMV. His physician states that he is supportive of Mr. Miller 
receiving an exemption.

Scott Smith

    Mr. Smith is a 39 year-old driver in California. He has a history 
of seizure and has remained seizure free for 12 years. He discontinued 
his anti-seizure medication 18 months ago. If granted the exemption, he 
would like to drive a CMV. His physician is supportive of Mr. Smith 
receiving an exemption.

Peter Thompson

    Mr. Thompson is a 21 year-old driver in Florida. He has a history 
of seizures and has remained seizure free for over 10 years. He 
discontinued his anti-seizure medication 8 years ago. If granted the 
exemption, he would like to drive a CMV. His physician states that he 
is supportive of Mr. Thompson receiving an exemption.

Nathaniel Ware

    Mr. Ware is a 33 year-old driver in Alabama. He has a history of 
seizures and has remained seizure free for 4 years. He takes anti-
seizure medication with the dosage and frequency remaining the same for 
2 years. If granted the exemption, he would like to drive a CMV. His 
physician states that he is supportive of Mr. Ware receiving an 
exemption.

Jason Yowell

    Mr. Yowell is a 42 year-old driver in Virginia. He has a history of 
seizures and has remained seizure free for 4 years. He discontinued his 
anti-seizure medication 10 months ago. If granted the exemption, he 
would like to drive a CMV. His physician states that he is supportive 
of Mr. Yowell receiving an exemption.

Request for Comments

    In accordance with 49 U.S.C. 31315 and 31136(e), FMCSA requests 
public comment from all interested persons on the exemption 
applications described in this notice. We will consider all comments 
received before the close of business on the closing date indicated 
earlier in the notice.

    Issued on: March 7, 2014.
Larry W. Minor,
Associate Administrator for Policy.
[FR Doc. 2014-06160 Filed 3-20-14; 8:45 am]
BILLING CODE 4910-EX-P



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