Home Page About Us Contribute
LuckyBug LifeStyle
















Technical Report on Fatality Risk, Mass, and Footprint of Model Year 2000-2007 Passenger Cars and LTVs

American Government Special Collections Reference Desk

American Government

Technical Report on Fatality Risk, Mass, and Footprint of Model Year 2000-2007 Passenger Cars and LTVs

James F. Simons
National Highway Traffic Safety Administration
September 17, 2012


[Federal Register Volume 77, Number 180 (Monday, September 17, 2012)]
[Notices]
[Pages 57186-57188]
From the Federal Register Online via the Government Printing Office [www.gpo.gov]
[FR Doc No: 2012-22779]


-----------------------------------------------------------------------

DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION

National Highway Traffic Safety Administration

[Docket No. NHTSA-2010-0152]


Technical Report on Fatality Risk, Mass, and Footprint of Model 
Year 2000-2007 Passenger Cars and LTVs

AGENCY: National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA), 
Department of Transportation.

ACTION: Request for comments on technical report.

-----------------------------------------------------------------------

SUMMARY: This notice announces NHTSA's publication of a technical 
report describing relationships between a vehicle's mass, footprint 
(size), and body type and its rate of involvement in fatal crashes. The 
report's title is: Relationships Between Fatality Risk, Mass, and 
Footprint in Model Year 2000-2007 Passenger Cars and LTVs--Final 
Report.

DATES: Comments must be received no later than January 15, 2013.

ADDRESSES:
    Report: The technical report is available on the Internet for 
viewing in PDF format at http://www-nrd.nhtsa.dot.gov/Pubs/811665.pdf. 
You may obtain a copy of the report free of charge by sending a self-
addressed mailing label to Charles J. Kahane (NVS-431), National 
Highway Traffic Safety Administration, Room W53-312, 1200 New Jersey 
Avenue SE., Washington, DC 20590.
    Comments: You may submit comments [identified by Docket Number 
NHTSA-2010-0152] by any of the following methods:
     Federal eRulemaking Portal: Go to http://www.regulations.gov. Follow the online instructions for submitting 
comments.
     Fax: 1-202-493-2251.
     Mail: Docket Management Facility, M-30, U.S. Department of 
Transportation, West Building, Ground Floor, Rm. W12-140, 1200 New 
Jersey Avenue SE., Washington, DC 20590.
     Hand Delivery: West Building Ground Floor, Room W12-140, 
1200 New Jersey Avenue SE., between 9 a.m. and 5 p.m. Eastern Time, 
Monday through Friday, except Federal holidays.
    You may call Docket Management at 202-366-9826.
    Instructions: For detailed instructions on submitting comments, see 
the Procedural Matters section of this document. Note that all comments 
received will be posted without change to http://www.regulations.gov, 
including any personal information provided.

FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Charles J. Kahane, Chief, Evaluation 
Division, NVS-431, National Center for Statistics and Analysis, 
National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, Room W53-312, 1200 New 
Jersey Avenue SE., Washington, DC 20590. Telephone: 202-366-2560. 
Email: chuck.kahane@dot.gov.

SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Mass reduction while holding a vehicle's 
footprint (size) constant is a potential strategy for meeting 
footprint-based CAFE and GHG standards. An important corollary issue is 
the possible effect of mass reduction that maintains footprint on fatal 
crashes. One way to estimate these effects is statistical analyses of 
societal fatality rates per VMT, by vehicles' mass and footprint, for 
the current on-road vehicle fleet. Societal fatality rates include 
occupants of all vehicles in the crash as well as pedestrians. The 
analyses comprised MY 2000-2007 cars and LTVs in CY 2002-2008 crashes. 
Fatality rates were derived from FARS data, 13 State crash files, and 
registration and mileage data from R.L. Polk. The table presents the 
estimated percent increase in societal fatality rates per 100-pound 
mass reduction while holding footprint constant for five classes of 
vehicles:

[[Page 57187]]



------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                Fatality increase
                                (%) per 100-pound
                                  mass reduction
                                  while holding
   MY 2000-2007 CY 2002-2008        footprint      95% confidence bounds
                                     constant
                               -------------------
                                  Point estimate
------------------------------------------------------------------------
Cars < 3,106 pounds...........               1.56  + .39 to +2.73
Cars >= 3,106 pounds..........                .51  - .59 to +1.60
CUVs and minivans.............              - .37  -1.55 to + .81
Truck-based LTVs < 4,594                      .52  - .45 to +1.48
 pounds.
Truck-based LTVs >= 4,594                   - .34  - .97 to + .30
 pounds.
------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Only the 1.56 percent risk increase in the lighter cars is 
statistically significant. There are non-significant increases in the 
heavier cars and the lighter truck-based LTVs and non-significant 
societal benefits for mass reduction in CUVs, minivans, and the heavier 
truck-based LTVs. Based on these results, potential combinations of 
mass reductions that maintain footprint and are proportionately 
somewhat higher for the heavier vehicles may be safety-neutral or 
better as point estimates and, in any case, unlikely to significantly 
increase fatalities. The primarily non-significant results are not due 
to a paucity of data, but because the societal effect of mass reduction 
while maintaining footprint, if any, is small.
    This report is also available in two NHTSA dockets--NHTSA-2010-
0152-0040 and NHTSA-2010-0131-0336--as well as at http://www-nrd.nhtsa.dot.gov/Pubs/811665.pdf. This final report updates and 
supersedes a preliminary report issued in November 2011 (76 FR 73008, 
report available at NHTSA-2010-0152-0023), in response to public 
comments and to three researchers' peer-reviews of the preliminary 
report. Information about the public comments and the peer review is 
available in Docket No. NHTSA-2010-0152, including the peer-review 
charge at NHTSA-2010-0152-0024, the names of the reviewers at NHTSA-
2010-0152-0025, and the three reviews at NHTSA-2010-0152-0035, NHTSA-
2010-0152-0036, and NHTSA-2010-0152-0037.
    This report also supersedes earlier NHTSA reports on vehicle mass, 
size and fatality risk issued in 2010 (75 FR 25324, Docket No. NHTSA-
2010-0152, report available at http://www.nhtsa.gov/staticfiles/rulemaking/pdf/cafe/CAFE_2012-2016_FRIA_04012010.pdf, pp. 464-542); 
2003 (68 FR 66153, Docket No. NHTSA-2003-16318, report available at 
http://www-nrd.nhtsa.dot.gov/Pubs/809662.PDF); and 1997 (62 FR 34491, 
Docket No. NHTSA-1997-3725, report available at http://www-nrd.nhtsa.dot.gov/Pubs/808570.PDF).

Procedural Matters

How can I influence NHTSA's thinking on this subject?

    NHTSA welcomes public review of the technical report. NHTSA will 
submit to the Docket a response to the comments and, if appropriate, 
will supplement or revise the report.

How do I prepare and submit comments?

    Your comments must be written and in English. To ensure that your 
comments are correctly filed in the Docket, please include the Docket 
number of this document (NHTSA-2010-0152) in your comments.
    Your primary comments must not be more than 15 pages long (49 CFR 
553.21). However, you may attach additional documents to your primary 
comments. There is no limit on the length of the attachments.
    Anyone is able to search the electronic form of all comments 
received into any of our dockets by the name of the individual 
submitting the comment (or signing the comment, if submitted on behalf 
of an association, business, labor union, etc.). You may review DOT's 
complete Privacy Act Statement in the Federal Register published on 
April 11, 2000 (65 FR 19477) or you may visit http://regulations.gov.
    Please send two paper copies of your comments to Docket Management, 
fax them, or use the Federal eRulemaking Portal. The mailing address is 
U. S. Department of Transportation, Docket Management Facility, M-30, 
West Building, Ground Floor, Rm. W12-140, 1200 New Jersey Avenue SE., 
Washington, DC 20590. The fax number is 1-202-493-2251. To use the 
Federal eRulemaking Portal, go to http://www.regulations.gov and follow 
the online instructions for submitting comments.
    We also request, but do not require you to send a copy to Charles 
J. Kahane, Chief, Evaluation Division, NVS-431, National Highway 
Traffic Safety Administration, Room W53-312, 1200 New Jersey Avenue 
SE., Washington, DC 20590 (or email them to chuck.kahane@dot.gov). He 
can check if your comments have been received at the Docket and he can 
expedite their review by NHTSA.

How can I be sure that my comments were received?

    If you wish Docket Management to notify you upon its receipt of 
your comments, enclose a self-addressed, stamped postcard in the 
envelope containing your comments. Upon receiving your comments, Docket 
Management will return the postcard by mail.

How do I submit confidential business information?

    If you wish to submit any information under a claim of 
confidentiality, send three copies of your complete submission, 
including the information you claim to be confidential business 
information, to the Chief Counsel, National Highway Traffic Safety 
Administration, 1200 New Jersey Avenue SE, Washington, DC 20590. 
Include a cover letter supplying the information specified in our 
confidential business information regulation (49 CFR Part 512).
    In addition, send two copies from which you have deleted the 
claimed confidential business information to U. S. Department of 
Transportation, Docket Management Facility, M-30, West Building, Ground 
Floor, Rm. W12-140, 1200 New Jersey Avenue SE., Washington, DC 20590, 
or submit them via the Federal eRulemaking Portal.

Will the agency consider late comments?

    In our response, we will consider all comments that Docket 
Management receives before the close of business on the comment closing 
date indicated above under DATES. To the extent possible, we will also 
consider comments that Docket Management receives after that date.

[[Page 57188]]

    Please note that even after the comment closing date, we will 
continue to file relevant information in the Docket as it becomes 
available. Further, some people may submit late comments. Accordingly, 
we recommend that you periodically check the Docket for new material.

How can I read the comments submitted by other people?

    You may read the materials placed in the docket for this document 
(e.g., the comments submitted in response to this document by other 
interested persons) at any time by going to http://www.regulations.gov. 
Follow the online instructions for accessing the dockets. You may also 
read the materials at the Docket Management Facility by going to the 
street address given above under ADDRESSES. The Docket Management 
Facility is open between 9 a.m. and 5 p.m. Eastern Time, Monday through 
Friday, except Federal holidays.

    Authority:  49 U.S.C. 30111, 30168; delegation of authority at 
49 CFR 1.50 and 501.8.

James F. Simons,
Director, Office of Regulatory Analysis and Evaluation.
[FR Doc. 2012-22779 Filed 9-14-12; 8:45 am]
BILLING CODE 4910-59-P



Connect with The Crittenden Automotive Library

The Crittenden Automotive Library at Google+ The Crittenden Automotive Library on Facebook The Crittenden Automotive Library on Instagram The Crittenden Automotive Library at The Internet Archive The Crittenden Automotive Library on Pinterest The Crittenden Automotive Library on Twitter The Crittenden Automotive Library on Tumblr  
 
 


The Crittenden Automotive Library

Home Page    About Us    Contribute




By accessing the The Crittenden Automotive Library/CarsAndRacingStuff.com, you signify your agreement with the terms and conditions on our Legal Information:  Disclaimers & Privacy Policy page.

To notify The Crittenden Automotive Library of errors, suggest topics, contribute information, make a comment on a page or to ask a question e-mail us.