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Hydrogen cars. No petrol!! No diesel!! (Hydregen cars)

American Government Special Collections Reference Desk

Hydrogen cars. No petrol!! No diesel!! (Hydregen cars)

Bhupinder Kohli
July 8, 2006

What's the first think you wish on hitting the road, especially if stuck in a jam is blame round the world's love affair with the fuel-hungry SUVs.  Using hydrogen and fuel-cell technologies is a key part of bringing down greenhouse gas emissions and addressing climate change.  Fuel cell systems offer a promising technology of the future with advantages that include zero emissions, high efficiency and minimal noise.

—No global warming… no ozone depletion… no acid rain… and 100% pollution free environment—is the utmost need to save our environment. I think God has been now kind to accept the endless prayers of all of us.  No kidding man!  He has already answered it through the genius scientist who have developed Hydrogen Car… It's a lightweight vehicle powered by a hydrogen fuel cell with enough style and space to compete with luxury sport utility vehicles (SUVs).

These cars generally use the hydrogen in one of two methods:  combustion or fuel-cell conversion.  In combustion, the hydrogen is "burned" in engines in fundamentally the same method as traditional gasoline cars.  In fuel-cell conversion, the hydrogen is turned into electricity through fuel cells which then power electric motors.

What’s more you wanna ask about hydrogen cars… These hydrogen cars come in the clean, "green" future envisioned by energy experts, cars not only get 99 miles per gallon emissions-free, but they may also play a key role in providing electricity to a power-hungry world.

Vehicle developed would be three to four times more expensive than the conventional two- or three-wheeler and the cost of operation would also be more.  But as the technology develops, the cost is expected to come down substantially.

The governments world over are helping fund the research for development of hydrogen using renewable sources in place of the present dependence on coal or natural gas.  It is also being produced as a by-product in chemical and fertiliser industries.

The new 5 KW fuel cell hydrogen vehicles will usher in a new generation in fuel cell technology.  The hydrogen needed to fuel these vehicles can be produced by means that would lower reliance on f oil supplies and thus, provide energy security.  Emitting only heat and water as by-products of this process, the fuel cell systems are environment friendly and can run continuously as long as fuel is supplied.  Each recharge currently gives around 70 km mileage.  Attempts are also on to increase the mileage of the hydrogen vehicle to 100-150 km per recharge.

Hydregen cars

Hydrogen cars use hydregen derived from water as primary source of power for locomotion.  British Columbia’s leadership in the development of hydrogen and fuel-cell technologies, and builds on the commitment to have the world’s first hydrogen highway developed in time for the 2010 Olympic and Paralympic Games,” said Richard Neufeld, British Columbia’s Minister of Energy and Mines.

R. John Efford, Minister of Natural Resources Canada.  “By working together, we can make sure Canada continues to be known as a world leader in putting these technologies on the road.”  The Government of Canada has invested $4.5 million in this project.  No global warming or ozone depletion, renewable, no acid rain, 100% pollution free.

In India, the ministry of non-conventional energy sources (MNES) is hopeful of having hydrogen-driven vehicles on Indian roads by 2007 with International Tractors Ltd (ITL) having agreed to undertake commercial production.  "With ITL, which manufactures Sonalika brand of tractors, having agreed to undertake commercial manufacture of two- and three-wheeler hydrogen vehicles developed by the Banaras Hindu University (BHU), we hope to have them available by 2007," said S K Chopra, senior advisor in MNES.

BHU has been using 50 demo vehicles in its campus for the last several years.  While development of affordable hydrogen fuel cell vehicles using renewable sources of energy still remains a target for a large number of countries including India, the vehicle developed by the BHU uses metal hydrite or solid rods to store hydrogen, an environment friendly fuel.

The ministry has finalized the hydrogen roadmap that envisages India generating 1,000 MW power and one million hydrogen driven vehicles on the roads by 2020 with an estimated investment of Rs 2500 crore.  The roadmap is to be part of the integrated energy policy being finalized

Hydregen cars

Reva Electric Car Company Pvt Ltd (RECC) and Indian Oil Corporation (IOC) will develop two fuel cell hydrogen vehicles (FCVs) for a pilot project initiated by IOC, to develop hydrogen economy in India.

According to the agreement, RECC will use its expertise to build these hydrogen vehicles with fuel cell power modules and associated components to be sourced from abroad and IOC will provide the infrastructure needed to supply and stock hydrogen and to test the vehicles at its Research and Development (R&D) centre in Faridabad.

About the author or the publisher

  • As feature writer with ‘The Times of India,’ handling special feature pages on property, personal finance and travel.
  • Headed the team of ‘Times Newspaper In Education,’ the school edition of The Times of India, Chandigarh(2003-04).
  • Worked as the editor-in-chief of ‘Page Three People’, a magazine focusing on socialites in Chandigarh.(2004-05).
  • Freelancer with ‘Life Colours’ magazine and ‘santabanta.com.’(2003)


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