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BMW 7 Series

American Government Special Collections Reference Desk

7 Series
Vehicle Line

7 Series is the collective name for a line of sedans produced by BMW.  The BMW 7 Series consists of several models, with specific model names depending on the displacement of the engine.  For example, a 7 Series with a 4-liter engine would be a BMW 740i, and one with a 5-liter engine is the 750i.

Specific models include: 730i, 740i, 740iL, 745i, 750iL, and 760i.

Awards and Acknowledgements include:
The 2002 7-Series was #25 on USA Today's "25 cars that made a difference" list (Cars, trucks with impact, 2007)

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Wikipedia: BMW 7 Series

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History

The following section is an excerpt from Wikipedia's BMW 7 Series page on 15 March 2016, text available via the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License.

The BMW 7 Series is a full-size luxury sedan produced by the German automaker BMW since 1977. It is the successor to the BMW E3 "New Six" sedan and is currently in its sixth generation.

The 7 Series is BMW's flagship car and is only available as a sedan or extended-length limousine. It traditionally introduces technologies and exterior design themes before they trickle down to smaller sedans in BMW's lineup.

The first generation 7 Series was powered by straight-6 petrol engines, and following generations have been powered by straight-6, v8 and v12 engines with both natural aspiration and turbocharging. Since 1995, diesel engines have been included in the 7 Series range.

E23 (1977–1986)

The BMW E23 is the first BMW 7 Series luxury car, produced by the German automaker BMW. Replacing the BMW E3 large sedan, the E23 was produced for ten years from 1977 to 1987 and was replaced by the BMW E32 7 Series in 1986.

E32 (1986–1994)

In July 1986, BMW introduced the second-generation 7-series, the E32. Some luxury options included integrated telephone and fax machines, a wine cooler, double glazing, traction control system, and a system that automatically increased spring pressure on the windscreen wipers, to keep them firmly pressed on the glass at Motorway speeds. The top-line E32 750iL was the first car in the world to offer High-Intensity Discharge headlamps.

Initially the engine choices were all six-cylinder petrol, as per the previous generation. In 1987 a V12 engine was introduced. In 1992, V8 engines were added to the lineup (730i and 740i). The E32 (750i) was the first car adhering to BMW's self-imposed speed limit of 250 km/h (155.37 mph).

The E32 also introduced the extended wheelbase version (indicated by an 'L' from German Lang, after the model number) with extra rear leg room compared to the standard 7-series.

E38 (1994–2001)

The third-generation E38 was produced between 1994–2001. It was the first 7-series to be available with a diesel engine and the first to have the option of a five-speed automatic transmission. BMW was also the first European car manufacturer to offer an integrated satellite navigation screen which featured on the E38 7 Series.

In the U.S. two engine options were available, a 4.0l (later revised to a 4.4l) V8 (740) and a V12 option (750).

BMW's flagship sedan was the E38 750il Armored. It was featured in the 1997 film Tomorrow Never Dies as the car driven by James Bond (Pierce Brosnan).

BMW's E38 735i was featured in the 2002 film The Transporter driven by Jason Statham.

E65/E66/E67/E68 (2002–2008)

The fourth-generation E65 7-series was produced from 2001 to 2008 (released as 2002–2008 models). The Hydrogen 7 is the first production BMW to be powered by hydrogen. Although previous generations of the 7 Series had long-wheelbase and protection variants, the E65 was the first iteration to use specific chassis codes for each version. E65 was the designation of the standard-wheelbase version, E66 was the long-wheelbase version, E67 of the high-security (armored) version and E68 of the Hydrogen 7.

The BMW 745i/Li (2002–2005) models featured a 4.4L V8 engine outputting 325 hp. Later on, the BMW 750i/Li (2006–2008) models featured a slightly more powerful 4.8L V8 engine outputting 360 hp. Moreover, the BMW 760i/Li (2002–2005) and 760Li (2006–2008) features a vastly more powerful, performance-tuned 6.0L V12 engine with 438 hp.

The E65 generated much controversy, due to its radical styling and iDrive user difficulties. Nonetheless, the E65 broke records to become the best-selling 7-series iteration ever, especially after its 2005 facelift. The E65/66 has been a subject of various media forms in pop culture during the early 2000s.

F01/F02 (2008–2015)

The 5th generation F01/F02 went on sale in November 2008. The F01/F02 was the first 7-series available with an 8-speed automatic transmission and all-wheel drive. It is the first 7-series where all engines are turbocharged. (except for markets like Thailand where the 730Li remains non-turbocharged) The ActiveHybrid7 was the first 7-series to use an electric motor.

The front suspension is a double wishbone design, instead of the MacPherson struts used on previous generations.

It is in this generation that BMW changed the nomenclature from E to F01, thereby making it the first BMW to have so.

Also the model numbers have been changed for the new engine lineup - 730d/Ld for the 3.0l inline six 258 bhp diesel, ActiveHybrid 7 for the 3.0l inline six 310 bhp petrol hybrid, 750i/Li for the 4.4l V8 473 bhp petrol, 750d/Ld for the 3.0l inline six 385 bhp triple turbo diesel and 760Li for the 6.0l V12 544 bhp petrol.

All the engines are twin turbocharged for maximum efficiency and power.

For 2014 it received BMW's new second generation iDrive touchpad.

G11/G12 (2016–present)

The sixth generation of the 7 Series was revealed on June 10, 2015 at BMW's headquarters in Munich. The G11 and G12, which is the codename for the extended wheelbase model, are the first passenger vehicles of BMW to be based on the modular BMW CLAR platform (cluster architecture).

As development was heavily focused on reducing weight and increasing structural strength, the body construction uses a combination of carbon-fiber-reinforced polymer (CFRP), high-tensile steel and aluminium. The suspension received air springs at both axles that are adjustable with electronic shock absorbers.

The powertrain line-up consists of a 4.4 litre V8 and three engines from BMW's modular B-series engine architecture – two 3.0 litre inline-six engines in petrol and diesel form, as well a 2.0 litre inline-four engine for the plug-in hybrid model known as 740e. Initially, each engine will be available with an 8-speed automatic transmission that can be linked with the satellite navigation system.

The latest version of the lengthy saloon car features a plug-in hybrid variant for the first time. This new model effectively replaces the rather undersold ActiveHybrid7, itself a mild hybrid. Officially called the BMW 740e, BMW is keeping this plug-in hybrid as part of their main brand, instead of passing it off as an evocative ‘BMW i’ machine.

Notable improvements to the infotainment and driver assistance systems include an automatic parking system that is controllable with a digital key fob and a more intuitive variant of the iDrive vehicle operating system, featuring touchscreen input and gesture recognition controls.

The sixth generation 7 Series entered production in June 2015, with European sales being scheduled to begin in October 2015.


Documents

DateDocument Name & DetailsDocuments
30 September 2010NHTSA Recall 10V446000
2004-2010 BMW 5-Series, 2004-2010 BMW 6-Series, 2002-2008 BMW 7-Series
National Highway Traffic Safety Administration
Recall Page - 1 page
30 September 2010Recall Campaign, Brake Vacuum Pump
From: Jan Urbahn, BMW Group
To: Daniel Smith, National Highway Traffic Safety Administration

PDF
- 265KB - 2 pages
1 October 2010BRAKE VACUUM PUMP
From: Jennifer Timian, National Highway Traffic Safety Administration
To: Jan Urbahn, BMW of North America, LLC

PDF
- 26KB - 3 pages
1 October 2010Upcoming Recall Campaign - 5, 6, 7 Series Brake Vacuum Pump
From: BMW North America
To: BMS Message Monitors

PDF
- 36KB - 1 page
November 2010Recall Campaign 10V- 446: Inspect Brake Booster Vacuum Supply Line
PDF
- 117KB - 6 pages
November 2010Recall Campaign No. 10V-446, Brake Vacuum Pump
From: BMW of North America
To: BMW Owners

PDF
- 103KB - 3 pages
9 November 2010Recall Campaign, Brake Vacuum Pump
From: Jan Urbahn, BMW Group
To: Claude Harris, National Highway Traffic Safety Administration

PDF
- 329KB - 3 pages
28 January 2011Safety Recall Quarterly Report Information
Brake Vacuum Pump 2002-10 BMW 5-, 6-, 7-Series / 8-, 12-cylinder engine

PDF
- 38KB - 1 page
March 2011Recall Campaign 10V- 446: Inspect Brake Booster Vacuum Supply Line
PDF
- 119KB - 7 pages
April 2011Recall Campaign 10V- 446: Inspect Brake Booster Vacuum Supply Line
PDF
- 118KB - 7 pages
29 April 2011Safety Recall Quarterly Report Information
Brake Vacuum Pump 2002-10 BMW 5-, 6-, 7-Series / 8-, 12-cylinder engine

PDF
- 38KB - 1 page
8 July 2011Safety Recall Quarterly Report Information
Brake Vacuum Pump 2002-10 BMW 5-, 6-, 7-Series / 8-, 12-cylinder engine

PDF
- 38KB - 1 page
28 October 2011Safety Recall Quarterly Report Information
Brake Vacuum Pump 2002-10 BMW 5-, 6-, 7-Series / 8-, 12-cylinder engine

PDF
- 38KB - 1 page
27 January 2012Safety Recall Quarterly Report Information
Brake Vacuum Pump 2002-10 BMW 5-, 6-, 7-Series / 8-, 12-cylinder engine

PDF
- 38KB - 1 page
30 April 2012Safety Recall Quarterly Report Information
Brake Vacuum Pump 2002-10 BMW 5-, 6-, 7-Series / 8-, 12-cylinder engine

PDF
- 38KB - 1 page


Article Index

DateArticleAuthor/Source
19 September 1994Petition for Modification of a Previously Approved Antitheft Device; BMWFederal Register: NHTSA (Ricardo Martinez)
12 January 1998Decision That Nonconforming 1992 BMW 7 Series Passenger Cars Are Eligible for ImportationFederal Register: NHTSA (Marilynne Jacobs)
16 August 20132016 BMW 7-series caught on videoMatt Hubbard, Speedmonkey
1 February 2014History of the BMW 7 Series SedanJohn Stone
6 June 2014BMW of North America, LLC, Receipt of Petition for Decision of Inconsequential NoncomplianceFederal Register: NHTSA (Jeffrey M. Giuseppe)
14 October 2015BMW of North America, LLC, Grant of Petition for Decision of Inconsequential NoncomplianceFederal Register: NHTSA (Jeffrey M. Giuseppe)
4 March 2016BMW of North America, LLC, Receipt of Petition for Decision of Inconsequential NoncomplianceFederal Register: NHTSA (Jeffrey M. Giuseppe)




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