Home Page About Us Contribute




Escort, Inc.

Tweets by @CrittendenAuto










By accessing/using The Crittenden Automotive Library/CarsAndRacingStuff.com, you signify your agreement with the Terms of Use on our Legal Information page. Our Privacy Policy is also available there.

Volvo 122S

American Government Special Collections Reference Desk

122S
Vehicle Model

Topic Navigation
Wikipedia: Volvo Amazon

Page Sections
History
Photographs
A car produced by Volvo beginning in 1959. The United States market version of the Volvo Amazon.

History

The following section is an excerpt from Wikipedia's Volvo Amazon page on 26 April 2018, text available via the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License.

The Volvo Amazon was a mid-size car manufactured and marketed by Volvo Cars from 1956 to 1970 and introduced in the USA as the 122S at the New York International Auto Show in April 1959.

The Amazon shared the wheelbase, tall posture and high H-point seating of its predecessor, the PV and was offered in two-door sedan, four-door sedan, and five-door wagon body styles. In 1959 Volvo became the world's first manufacturer to provide front seat belts as standard equipment — by providing them on all Amazon models, including the export models — and later becoming the first car featuring three-point seat belts as standard equipment.

When introduced, the car was named the Amason (with an 's'), deriving from the fierce female warriors of Greek mythology, the Amazons. German motorcycle manufacturer Kreidler had already registered the name, and the two companies finally agreed that Volvo could only use the name domestically (i.e., within Sweden), modifying the spelling to Amazon. Subsequently, Volvo began its tri-digit nomenclature and the line became known as the 120 Series.

The Amazon was originally manufactured at Volvo's Lundby plant in Gothenburg and subsequently at the company's Torslandaverken plant, which began operating in 1964. By the end of production, 234,653 four-door models, 359,917 two-door models and 73,220 station wagons had been produced, of which 60% were exported; for a total of 667,791 vehicles.

The Amazon sedan's ponton genre, three-box styling was inspired by US cars of the early 1950s, strongly resembling the Chrysler New Yorker sedan and the Chrysler 300C hardtop Coupe. According to designer Jan Wilsgaard, the Amazon's styling was inspired by a Kaiser he saw at the Gothenburg harbour.

The Amazon featured strong articulation front to rear, pronounced "shoulders", and slight but visible tailfins. These features became inspiration for Peter Horbury when reconceiving Volvo's design direction with the V70 after decades of rectilinear, slab-sided, boxy designs.

The Amazon's bodywork was constructed of phosphate-treated steel (to improve paint adhesion) and with heavy use of undercoating and anti-corrosive oil treatment.


Photographs

1966 Volvo 122 S 1966
Photo ©2008 Bill Crittenden
Johnsburg Car and Bike Show
August 17, 2008
View photo of 1966 Volvo 122 S - 5,540KB
1966 Volvo 122 S 1966
Photo ©2008 Bill Crittenden
Johnsburg Car and Bike Show
August 17, 2008
View photo of 1966 Volvo 122 S - 5,701KB
1966 Volvo 122 S 1966
Photo ©2008 Bill Crittenden
Johnsburg Car and Bike Show
August 17, 2008
View photo of 1966 Volvo 122 S - 2,832KB
1966 Volvo 122 S 1966
Photo ©2008 Bill Crittenden
Johnsburg Car and Bike Show
August 17, 2008
View photo of 1966 Volvo 122 S - 3,400KB
1966 Volvo 122 S 1966
Photo ©2008 Bill Crittenden
Johnsburg Car and Bike Show
August 17, 2008
View photo of 1966 Volvo 122 S - 3,030KB
1966 Volvo 122 S 1966
Photo ©2008 Bill Crittenden
Johnsburg Car and Bike Show
August 17, 2008
View photo of 1966 Volvo 122 S - 3,329KB
1966 Volvo 122 S 1966
Photo ©2008 Bill Crittenden
Johnsburg Car and Bike Show
August 17, 2008
View photo of 1966 Volvo 122 S - 4,911KB
1966 Volvo 122 S 1966
Photo ©2008 Bill Crittenden
Johnsburg Car and Bike Show
August 17, 2008
View photo of 1966 Volvo 122 S - 5,258KB
1967 Volvo 122S 1967
Photo ©2017 Bill Crittenden
Green Street Cruise Night: 7 August 2017
View photo of 1967 Volvo 122S - 3.9MB
1967 Volvo 122S 1967
Photo ©2017 Bill Crittenden
Green Street Cruise Night: 7 August 2017
View photo of 1967 Volvo 122S - 2.6MB
1967 Volvo 122S 1967
Photo ©2017 Bill Crittenden
Green Street Cruise Night: 7 August 2017
View photo of 1967 Volvo 122S - 3.1MB
1967 Volvo 122S 1967
Photo ©2017 Bill Crittenden
Green Street Cruise Night: 7 August 2017
View photo of 1967 Volvo 122S - 3.0MB
1967 Volvo 122S 1967
Photo ©2017 Bill Crittenden
Green Street Cruise Night: 7 August 2017
View photo of 1967 Volvo 122S - 2.4MB
1967 Volvo 122S 1967
Photo ©2017 Bill Crittenden
Green Street Cruise Night: 7 August 2017
View photo of 1967 Volvo 122S - 1.1MB
1967 Volvo 122S 1967
Photo ©2017 Bill Crittenden
Green Street Cruise Night: 7 August 2017
View photo of 1967 Volvo 122S - 1.4MB
1967 Volvo 122S 1967
Photo ©2017 Bill Crittenden
Green Street Cruise Night: 7 August 2017
View photo of 1967 Volvo 122S - 2.5MB
1967 Volvo 122S 1967
Photo ©2017 Bill Crittenden
Green Street Cruise Night: 7 August 2017
View photo of 1967 Volvo 122S - 2.6MB


Connect with The Crittenden Automotive Library

The Crittenden Automotive Library at Google+ The Crittenden Automotive Library on Facebook The Crittenden Automotive Library on Instagram The Crittenden Automotive Library at The Internet Archive The Crittenden Automotive Library on Pinterest The Crittenden Automotive Library on Twitter The Crittenden Automotive Library on Tumblr  
 
 


The Crittenden Automotive Library

Home Page    About Us    Contribute